Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany

Spallek J, Scholaske L, Duman EA, Razum O, Entringer S (2021)
Brain, behavior, and immunity.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Spallek, Jacob; Scholaske, Laura; Duman, Elif Aysimi; Razum, OliverUniBi; Entringer, Sonja
Abstract / Bemerkung
BACKGROUND: Health disparities in children of immigrants are prevalent from birth and are hypothesized to - in part - emerge as a biological consequence of migration's unfavorable social and psychological sequelae. The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal migrant background is associated with inflammation during pregnancy - a key pathway by which maternal states and conditions during pregnancy may influence fetal development and subsequent pregnancy, birth, and child developmental and health outcomes.; MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was available from 126 pregnant women who participated in a population based multi-site prospective birth cohort study in Bielefeld and Berlin, Germany. The study included two study visits in mid- and late pregnancy. At each visit, a composite maternal pro-inflammatory score was derived from circulating levels of plasma inflammatory markers (IL-6, CRP). Migrant background was defined by country of origin of participants and their parents' (Turkey or other) and generation status (1st or 2nd generation). We applied hierarchical linear models (HLM) in order to quantify the relationship between different migrant background variables and inflammation during pregnancy after adjustment for potential confounders (including socioeconomic status).; RESULTS: Migrant background was significantly associated with inflammation during pregnancy. When compared to women without migrant background, levels of inflammation were increased in 1) pregnant women with migrant background in general (B=0.35, SE=0.12, p<.01); 2) 1st (B=0.28, SE=0.15, p<.10) and 2nd generation (B=0.40, SE=0.15, p<.01); 3) women with a Turkish migrant background (B=0.28, SE=0.14, p<.10) and women with another migrant background (B=0.42, SE=0.15, p<.01); and 4) 2nd generation Turkish origin women (B=0.38, SE=0.20, p<.10), 1st generation women with other migrant background (B=0.44, SE=0.26, p<.10), and 2nd generation women with other migrant background (B=0.43, SE=0.17, p<.05).; DISCUSSION: Our findings support a role for maternal inflammation as a pathway of intergenerational transmission of migration-related health inequalities, suggest that the effect seems to persist in 2nd generation immigrants, and highlight the need for future research and targeted interventions in this context. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Brain, behavior, and immunity
eISSN
1090-2139
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955908

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Spallek J, Scholaske L, Duman EA, Razum O, Entringer S. Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany. Brain, behavior, and immunity. 2021.
Spallek, J., Scholaske, L., Duman, E. A., Razum, O., & Entringer, S. (2021). Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany. Brain, behavior, and immunity. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2021.06.010
Spallek, J., Scholaske, L., Duman, E. A., Razum, O., and Entringer, S. (2021). Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany. Brain, behavior, and immunity.
Spallek, J., et al., 2021. Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany. Brain, behavior, and immunity.
J. Spallek, et al., “Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany”, Brain, behavior, and immunity, 2021.
Spallek, J., Scholaske, L., Duman, E.A., Razum, O., Entringer, S.: Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany. Brain, behavior, and immunity. (2021).
Spallek, Jacob, Scholaske, Laura, Duman, Elif Aysimi, Razum, Oliver, and Entringer, Sonja. “Association of maternal migrant background with inflammation during pregnancy - Results of a birth cohort study in Germany”. Brain, behavior, and immunity (2021).

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