The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population

Berens E-M, Pelikan JM, Schaeffer D (2021)
Health promotion international: daab085.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Concerning the determinants of health literacy (HL) mostly socio-demographic or -economic factors have been considered, much less so psychological factors such as self-efficacy. To date, it has mostly been considered to explain the relationship of HL and health outcomes. However, self-efficacy could also be an important determinant for HL. This study therefore examines the effect of self-efficacy on comprehensive HL within the general population in Germany. Data from the German HL Survey (HLS-GER), a cross-sectional, computer-assisted personal interview study among 2000 respondents aged 15+ years in 2014 were used. Self-efficacy was measured using the German version of general self-efficacy short scale (ASKU), comprehensive HL was measured using the German version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47). Correlation and multi-variate linear regression analyses were performed to analyze independent effects of socio-demographic factors-age, gender, social status, educational level and migration background-functional HL and self-efficacy on comprehensive HL. Self-efficacy and comprehensive HL are statistically significantly correlated (Spearman's Rho=0.405; p<0.01), respondents with better self-efficacy had better HL scores. Both concepts are significantly associated with most socio-demographic factors and functional HL. Self-efficacy showed the strongest association with HL in the multivariate analyses (model 2: beta =0.310, p<0.001). The effect size of the other predictors decreased, when adding self-efficacy into the equation, but remained statistically significant. Self-efficacy is a rather strong predictor of comprehensive HL. Future research and measures to improve HL should therefore take self-efficacy adequately into account. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Health promotion international
Art.-Nr.
daab085
eISSN
1460-2245
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955511

Zitieren

Berens E-M, Pelikan JM, Schaeffer D. The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population. Health promotion international. 2021: daab085.
Berens, E. - M., Pelikan, J. M., & Schaeffer, D. (2021). The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population. Health promotion international, daab085. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daab085
Berens, E. - M., Pelikan, J. M., and Schaeffer, D. (2021). The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population. Health promotion international:daab085.
Berens, E.-M., Pelikan, J.M., & Schaeffer, D., 2021. The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population. Health promotion international, : daab085.
E.-M. Berens, J.M. Pelikan, and D. Schaeffer, “The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population”, Health promotion international, 2021, : daab085.
Berens, E.-M., Pelikan, J.M., Schaeffer, D.: The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population. Health promotion international. : daab085 (2021).
Berens, Eva-Maria, Pelikan, Jürgen M, and Schaeffer, Doris. “The effect of self-efficacy on health literacy in the German population”. Health promotion international (2021): daab085.

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