Robin, Caroline Elisa PaulineUniBi; Savage, Martin J.; Pillet, Nathalie
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Entanglement plays a central role in a diverse array of increasingly important research areas, including quantum computation, simulation, measurement, sensing, and communication. Extensive suites of investigations have been performed to better understand entanglement in atomic and molecular quantum many-body systems, while the exploration of entanglement in the structure of nuclei and their reactions is presently in its infancy. Purpose: The goal of this work is to begin investigating the entanglement properties of nuclei from first-principles nuclear many-body calculations. We attempt to identify common features and emergent structures of entanglement that could ultimately lead to new and natural many-body schemes. With an eye toward quantum accelerators in future hybrid-supercomputers, criteria for partitioning nuclear many-body calculations into quantum and classical components may provide advantages in future large-scale computations. Along the way we look for explanations of the relative success of phenomenological models such as the nuclear shell model, and for better ways to match to low-energy nuclear effective field theories and lattice QCD calculations to nuclear many-body techniques that are based upon entanglement. Method: We explore the entanglement between single-particle states in He-4 and He-6. The patterns of entanglement emerging from different single-particle bases are compared, and possible links with the convergence of observables are explored, in particular, ground-state energies. The nuclear wave functions are obtained by performing active-space no-core configuration-interaction calculations using a two-body nucleon-nucleon interaction derived from chiral effective field theory. Entanglement measures within single-particle bases exhibiting different degrees of complexity are determined, in particular, harmonic oscillator (HO), Hartree-Fock (HF), natural (NAT) and variational natural (VNAT) bases. Specifically, single-orbital entanglement entropy, two-orbital mutual information, and negativity are studied. Results: The entanglement structures in He-4 and He-6 are found to be more localized within NAT and VNAT bases than within a HO basis for the optimal HO parameters we have worked with. In particular a core-valence structure clearly emerges from the full no-core calculation of He-6. The two-nucleon mutual information shows that the VNAT basis, which typically exhibits good convergence properties, effectively decouples the active and inactive spaces. Conclusions: Measures of one- and two-nucleon entanglement are found to be useful in analyzing the structure of nuclear wave functions, in particular the efficacy of basis states, and may provide useful metrics toward developing more efficient schemes for ab initio computations of the structure and reactions of nuclei, and quantum many-body systems more generally.
Physical Review C
Robin CEP, Savage MJ, Pillet N. Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations. Physical Review C. 2021;103(3): 034325.
Robin, C. E. P., Savage, M. J., & Pillet, N. (2021). Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations. Physical Review C, 103(3), 034325. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.103.034325
Robin, C. E. P., Savage, M. J., and Pillet, N. (2021). Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations. Physical Review C 103:034325.
Robin, C.E.P., Savage, M.J., & Pillet, N., 2021. Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations. Physical Review C, 103(3): 034325.
C.E.P. Robin, M.J. Savage, and N. Pillet, “Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations”, Physical Review C, vol. 103, 2021, : 034325.
Robin, C.E.P., Savage, M.J., Pillet, N.: Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations. Physical Review C. 103, : 034325 (2021).
Robin, Caroline Elisa Pauline, Savage, Martin J., and Pillet, Nathalie. “Entanglement rearrangement in self-consistent nuclear structure calculations”. Physical Review C 103.3 (2021): 034325.