Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany

Weiß A, Dorrough AR, Schmitz L (2021)
Personality and Individual Differences 178: 110854.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Weiß, AlexaUniBi; Dorrough, Angela R.; Schmitz, Luisa
Abstract / Bemerkung
Previous studies report a negative correlation between analytic thinking, typically assessed with the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), and religious belief. Recent research, however, revealed considerable cross-cultural divergence, suggesting weaker or absent effects in less religious countries. The present research investigated the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in three heterogeneous German-speaking samples (N = 3063). In two preregistered re-analyses of existing data sets, analytic thinking as measured with the original CRT and an extended version emerged as a weak, but significant negative predictor of religious belief. However, when controlling for different measures of cognitive ability, this relationship held in some, but not all analyses. Cognitive ability consistently emerged as an independent predictor of (lower) religious belief. A third study closely following prior methodology again found the negative predictive effect of analytic thinking on established and extended measures of religious belief. Taken together, while replicating the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in a culture with low levels of religiosity, the present studies provide mixed evidence with respect to the specificity of this effect to an analytic cognitive style. We discuss the implications of these findings for the notion of analytic atheism.
Stichworte
Religious belief; Analytic thinking; Analytic atheism; Cognitive; ability; Supernatural belief; Belief in God; Religious disbelief; Cognitive style
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Personality and Individual Differences
Band
178
Art.-Nr.
110854
ISSN
0191-8869
eISSN
1873-3549
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955092

Zitieren

Weiß A, Dorrough AR, Schmitz L. Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany. Personality and Individual Differences. 2021;178: 110854.
Weiß, A., Dorrough, A. R., & Schmitz, L. (2021). Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany. Personality and Individual Differences, 178, 110854. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110854
Weiß, A., Dorrough, A. R., and Schmitz, L. (2021). Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany. Personality and Individual Differences 178:110854.
Weiß, A., Dorrough, A.R., & Schmitz, L., 2021. Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany. Personality and Individual Differences, 178: 110854.
A. Weiß, A.R. Dorrough, and L. Schmitz, “Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany”, Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 178, 2021, : 110854.
Weiß, A., Dorrough, A.R., Schmitz, L.: Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany. Personality and Individual Differences. 178, : 110854 (2021).
Weiß, Alexa, Dorrough, Angela R., and Schmitz, Luisa. “Analytic atheism in a low-religiosity culture: Examining the relationship between analytic thinking and religious belief in Germany”. Personality and Individual Differences 178 (2021): 110854.

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