Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis

Kim B, Moran NP, Reinhold K, Sanchez-Tojar A (2021)
The Journal of animal ecology 90(10).

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Kim, Bora; Moran, Nicholas Patrick; Reinhold, KlausUniBi; Sanchez-Tojar, AlfredoUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
The genus Gambusia represents approximately 45 species of polyandrous livebearing fishes with reversed sexual size dimorphism (i.e. males smaller than females) and with copulation predominantly via male coercion. Male body size has been suggested as an important sexually selected trait, but despite abundant research, evidence for sexual selection on male body size in this genus is mixed. Studies have found that large males have an advantage in both male-male competition and female choice, but that small males perform sneaky copulations better and at higher frequency and thus may sire more offspring in this coercive mating system. Here, we synthesized this inconsistent body of evidence using pre-registered methods and hypotheses. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of summary and primary (raw) data combining both published (n=19 studies, k=106 effect sizes) and unpublished effect sizes (n=17, k=242) to test whether there is overall selection on male body size across studies in Gambusia. We also tested several specific hypotheses to understand the sources of heterogeneity across effects. Meta-analysis revealed an overall positive correlation between male size and reproductive performance (r=0.23, 95% confidence interval: 0.10-0.35, n=36, k=348, 4,514 males, three Gambusia species). Despite high heterogeneity, the large-male advantage appeared robust across all measures studied (i.e. female choice, mating success, paternity, sperm quantity and quality), and was considerably larger for female choice (r=0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.28-0.59, n=14, k=43). Meta-regressions found several important factors explaining heterogeneity across effects, including type of sperm characteristic, male-to-female ratio, female reproductive status and environmental conditions. We found evidence of publication bias; however, its influence on our estimates was attenuated by including a substantial amount of unpublished effects, highlighting the importance of open primary data for more accurate meta-analytic estimates. In addition to positive selection on male size, our study suggests that we need to rethink the role and form of sexual selection in Gambusia and, more broadly, to consider the ecological factors that affect reproductive behaviour in livebearing fishes. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Animal Ecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Ecological Society.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
The Journal of animal ecology
Band
90
Ausgabe
10
eISSN
1365-2656
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld im Rahmen des DEAL-Vertrags gefördert.
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https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2955064

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Kim B, Moran NP, Reinhold K, Sanchez-Tojar A. Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of animal ecology. 2021;90(10).
Kim, B., Moran, N. P., Reinhold, K., & Sanchez-Tojar, A. (2021). Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of animal ecology, 90(10). https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13554
Kim, B., Moran, N. P., Reinhold, K., and Sanchez-Tojar, A. (2021). Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of animal ecology 90.
Kim, B., et al., 2021. Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of animal ecology, 90(10).
B. Kim, et al., “Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis”, The Journal of animal ecology, vol. 90, 2021.
Kim, B., Moran, N.P., Reinhold, K., Sanchez-Tojar, A.: Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of animal ecology. 90, (2021).
Kim, Bora, Moran, Nicholas Patrick, Reinhold, Klaus, and Sanchez-Tojar, Alfredo. “Male size and reproductive performance in three species of livebearing fishes (Gambusia spp.): a systematic review and meta-analysis”. The Journal of animal ecology 90.10 (2021).
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2022-07-01T12:05:33Z
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PMID: 34231219
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Preprint: 10.32942/osf.io/59vp4

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