The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms

Johannknecht M, Kayser C (2021)
Scientific Reports 12(1): 2586.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Johannknecht, Michelle; Kayser, ChristophUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Behavioural and electrophysiological studies point to an apparent influence of the state of respiration, i.e., whether we inhale or exhale, on brain activity and cognitive performance. Still, the prevalence and relevance of such respiratory-behavioural relations in typical sensory-cognitive tasks remain unclear. We here used a battery of six tasks probing sensory detection, discrimination and short-term memory to address the questions of whether and by how much behaviour covaries with the respiratory cycle. Our results show that participants tend to align their respiratory cycle to the experimental paradigm, in that they tend to inhale around stimulus presentation and exhale when submitting their responses. Furthermore, their reaction times, but not so much their response accuracy, consistently and significantly covary with the respiratory cycle, differing between inhalation and exhalation. This effect is strongest when analysed contingent on the respiratory state around participants' responses. The respective effect sizes of these respiration-behaviour relations are comparable to those seen in other typical experimental manipulations in sensory-cognitive tasks, highlighting the relevance of these effects. Overall, our results support a prominent relation between respiration and sensory-cognitive function and show that sensation is intricately linked to rhythmic bodily or interoceptive functions.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Scientific Reports
Band
12
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
2586
eISSN
2045-2322
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2954608

Zitieren

Johannknecht M, Kayser C. The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms. Scientific Reports. 2021;12(1): 2586.
Johannknecht, M., & Kayser, C. (2021). The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 2586. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-06364-8
Johannknecht, M., and Kayser, C. (2021). The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms. Scientific Reports 12:2586.
Johannknecht, M., & Kayser, C., 2021. The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms. Scientific Reports, 12(1): 2586.
M. Johannknecht and C. Kayser, “The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms”, Scientific Reports, vol. 12, 2021, : 2586.
Johannknecht, M., Kayser, C.: The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms. Scientific Reports. 12, : 2586 (2021).
Johannknecht, Michelle, and Kayser, Christoph. “The influence of the respiratory cycle on reaction times in sensory-cognitive paradigms”. Scientific Reports 12.1 (2021): 2586.

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