Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis

Keiler J, Schulze M, Claassen H, Wree A (2018)
Clinical Anatomy 31(7): 1065-1076.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Keiler, Jonas; Schulze, MarkoUniBi ; Claassen, Horst; Wree, Andreas
Abstract / Bemerkung
The femoral vein (FV) is a clinically important vessel. Failure of its valves can lead to chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) with severe manifestations such as painful ulcers. Although they are crucial for identifying suitable implant sites for therapeutic valves, studies on the topography of FV tributaries and valves are rare. Moreover, the femoral vein diameter (FVD) must be known to assess the morphometric requirements for valve implants. To reassess the anatomical requirements for valve implants, 155 FVs from 82 human corpses were examined. FVDs and tributary and valve topographies were assessed using a laboratory straightedge. The FVD increased from 6 mm in the distal femoropopliteal vein to 11 mm in the iliofemoral vein proximal to the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ). Diameters were significantly bigger in males than females. Height correlated positively with FVD. Distal to the SFJ, within a distance of 38 cm, one to eight valves were present. Up to two valves were present within 10 cm proximal to the SFJ. Individual tributary and valve topography must be considered to ensure appropriate design and successful implantation of a venous valve for CVI therapy in the FV. A suitable implant site would be proximal to the SFJ via an infrainguinal transfemoral access.
Erscheinungsjahr
2018
Zeitschriftentitel
Clinical Anatomy
Band
31
Ausgabe
7
Seite(n)
1065-1076
ISSN
0897-3806
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2953326

Zitieren

Keiler J, Schulze M, Claassen H, Wree A. Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis. Clinical Anatomy. 2018;31(7):1065-1076.
Keiler, J., Schulze, M., Claassen, H., & Wree, A. (2018). Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis. Clinical Anatomy, 31(7), 1065-1076. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23224
Keiler, J., Schulze, M., Claassen, H., and Wree, A. (2018). Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis. Clinical Anatomy 31, 1065-1076.
Keiler, J., et al., 2018. Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis. Clinical Anatomy, 31(7), p 1065-1076.
J. Keiler, et al., “Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis”, Clinical Anatomy, vol. 31, 2018, pp. 1065-1076.
Keiler, J., Schulze, M., Claassen, H., Wree, A.: Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis. Clinical Anatomy. 31, 1065-1076 (2018).
Keiler, Jonas, Schulze, Marko, Claassen, Horst, and Wree, Andreas. “Human Femoral Vein Diameter and Topography of Valves and Tributaries: A Post Mortem Analysis”. Clinical Anatomy 31.7 (2018): 1065-1076.

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