Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves

Mattila H, Sotoudehnia P, Kuuslampi T, Stracke R, Mishra KB, Tyystjärvi E (2021)
Trees.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Mattila, Heta; Sotoudehnia, Pooneh; Kuuslampi, Telma; Stracke, RalfUniBi ; Mishra, Kumud B.; Tyystjärvi, Esa
Abstract / Bemerkung
**Key message**
Decreased absorptance and increased singlet oxygen production may cause photoinhibition of both PSII and PSI in birch leaves during autumn senescence; however, photosynthetic electron transfer stays functional until late senescence. **Abstract**
During autumn senescence, deciduous trees degrade chlorophyll and may synthesize flavonols. We measured photosynthetic parameters, epidermal flavonols, singlet oxygen production in vivo and photoinhibition of the photosystems (PSII and PSI) from green and senescing silver birch (Betula pendula) leaves. Chlorophyllafluorescence and P700absorbance measurements showed that the amounts of both photosystems decreased throughout autumn senescence, but the remaining PSII units stayed functional until ~ 90% of leaf chlorophyll was degraded. An increase in the chlorophyllatobratio, a decrease in > 700 nm absorbance and a blue shift of the PSI fluorescence peak at 77 K suggest that light-harvesting complex I was first degraded during senescence, followed by light-harvesting complex II and finally the photosystems. Senescing leaves produced more singlet oxygen than green leaves, possibly because low light absorption by senescing leaves allows high flux of incident light per photosystem. Senescing leaves also induced less non-photochemical quenching, which may contribute to increased singlet oxygen production. Faster photoinhibition of both photosystems in senescing than in green leaves, under high light, was most probably caused by low absorption of light and rapid singlet oxygen production. However, senescing leaves maintained the capacity to recover from photoinhibition of PSII. Amounts of epidermal flavonols and singlet oxygen correlated neither in green nor in senescing leaves of silver birch. Moreover,Arabidopsis thalianamutants, incapable of synthesizing flavonols, were not more susceptible to photoinhibition of PSII or PSI than wild type plants; screening of chlorophyll absorption by flavonols was, however, small inA. thaliana. These results suggest that flavonols do not protect against photoinhibition or singlet oxygen production in chloroplasts.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Trees
ISSN
0931-1890
eISSN
1432-2285
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2952827

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Mattila H, Sotoudehnia P, Kuuslampi T, Stracke R, Mishra KB, Tyystjärvi E. Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves. Trees. 2021.
Mattila, H., Sotoudehnia, P., Kuuslampi, T., Stracke, R., Mishra, K. B., & Tyystjärvi, E. (2021). Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves. Trees. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-021-02114-x
Mattila, H., Sotoudehnia, P., Kuuslampi, T., Stracke, R., Mishra, K. B., and Tyystjärvi, E. (2021). Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves. Trees.
Mattila, H., et al., 2021. Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves. Trees.
H. Mattila, et al., “Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves”, Trees, 2021.
Mattila, H., Sotoudehnia, P., Kuuslampi, T., Stracke, R., Mishra, K.B., Tyystjärvi, E.: Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves. Trees. (2021).
Mattila, Heta, Sotoudehnia, Pooneh, Kuuslampi, Telma, Stracke, Ralf, Mishra, Kumud B., and Tyystjärvi, Esa. “Singlet oxygen, flavonols and photoinhibition in green and senescing silver birch leaves”. Trees (2021).

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