Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies

Wicherski J, Schlesinger S, Fischer F (2021)
Nutrients 13(1): 272.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Wicherski, Julia; Schlesinger, Sabrina; Fischer, Florian
Abstract / Bemerkung
Globally, increasing rates of obesity are one of the most important health issues. The association between breakfast skipping and body weight is contradictory between cross-sectional and interventional studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to summarize this association based on observational longitudinal studies. We included prospective studies on breakfast skipping and overweight/obesity or weight change in adults. The literature was searched until September 2020 in PubMed and Web of Science. Summary risk ratios (RRs) or beta coefficients with a 95% confidence interval (CI), respectively, were estimated in pairwise meta-analyses by applying a random-effects model. In total, nine studies were included in the systematic review and five of them were included in the meta-analyses. The meta-analyses indicated an 11% increased RR for overweight/obesity when breakfast was skipped on ≥3 days per week compared to ≤2 days per week (95% CI: 1.04, 1.19, n = two studies). The meta-analysis on body mass index (BMI) change displayed no difference between breakfast skipping and eating (beta = -0.02; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.01; n = two studies). This study provides minimal evidence that breakfast skipping might lead to weight gain and the onset of overweight and obesity.
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Nutrients
Band
13
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
272
eISSN
2072-6643
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2951155

Zitieren

Wicherski J, Schlesinger S, Fischer F. Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies. Nutrients. 2021;13(1): 272.
Wicherski, J., Schlesinger, S., & Fischer, F. (2021). Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies. Nutrients, 13(1), 272. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010272
Wicherski, J., Schlesinger, S., and Fischer, F. (2021). Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies. Nutrients 13:272.
Wicherski, J., Schlesinger, S., & Fischer, F., 2021. Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies. Nutrients, 13(1): 272.
J. Wicherski, S. Schlesinger, and F. Fischer, “Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies”, Nutrients, vol. 13, 2021, : 272.
Wicherski, J., Schlesinger, S., Fischer, F.: Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies. Nutrients. 13, : 272 (2021).
Wicherski, Julia, Schlesinger, Sabrina, and Fischer, Florian. “Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Longitudinal Studies”. Nutrients 13.1 (2021): 272.
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2021-03-18T12:20:43Z
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