Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116

Meyer F, Pupkes H, Steinbüchel A (2017)
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 83(3).

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Meyer, FlorianUniBi ; Pupkes, Hilke; Steinbüchel, Alexander
Abstract / Bemerkung
The Gram-positive actinomycete Amycolatopsis sp. strain ATCC 39116 is used for the industrial production of natural vanillin. Previously, the only gene deletion performed in this strain targeted the gene vdh, coding for a vanillin dehydrogenase. The generation of this mutant suffered from a high number of illegitimate recombinations and a low rate of homologous recombination. To alleviate this, we constructed an optimized deletion system based on a modified suicide vector. Thereby, we were able to increase the rate of homologous integration from less than 1% of the analyzed clones to 20% or 50%, depending on the targeted gene. We were furthermore able to reduce the screening effort needed to identify homogenotes through the use of the rpsL gene from Saccharopolyspora erythraea, which confers streptomycin sensitivity on clones still carrying the suicide vector. The new suicide vector is p6SUI5ERPSL, and its applicability was demonstrated by the deletion of three Amycolatopsis gene clusters. The deletion of the first of the gene clusters, coding for an aldehyde oxidase (yagRST), led to no altered phenotype compared to the parent strain; deletion of the second, coding for a vanillic acid decarboxylase (vdcBCD), led to a phenotype that was strongly impaired in its growth with vanillic acid as the sole carbon source and also unable to form guaiacol; and deletion of the third, coding for a vanillate demethylase (vanAB), led to only a negligible impact in comparison. Therefore, we showed that decarboxylation of vanillic acid is the main degradation pathway in Amycolatopsis sp. ATCC 39116 while the demethylation plays only a minor role and does not compensate the deletion of vdcBCD.
Erscheinungsjahr
2017
Zeitschriftentitel
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Band
83
Ausgabe
3
ISSN
0099-2240
eISSN
1098-5336
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2950264

Zitieren

Meyer F, Pupkes H, Steinbüchel A. Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2017;83(3).
Meyer, F., Pupkes, H., & Steinbüchel, A. (2017). Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 83(3). https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02660-16
Meyer, F., Pupkes, H., and Steinbüchel, A. (2017). Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 83.
Meyer, F., Pupkes, H., & Steinbüchel, A., 2017. Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 83(3).
F. Meyer, H. Pupkes, and A. Steinbüchel, “Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116”, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 83, 2017.
Meyer, F., Pupkes, H., Steinbüchel, A.: Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 83, (2017).
Meyer, Florian, Pupkes, Hilke, and Steinbüchel, Alexander. “Development of an Improved System for the Generation of Knockout Mutants of Amycolatopsis sp. Strain ATCC 39116”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 83.3 (2017).

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