Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model

Lange A-K, Koch J, Beck A, Neugebauer T, Watzema F, Wrona K, Dockweiler C (2020)
JMIR Nursing 3(1): e20249.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Lange, Ann-Kathrin; Koch, Jana; Beck, Anastasia; Neugebauer, Till; Watzema, Frauke; Wrona, KamilUniBi; Dockweiler, ChristophUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Digital games–based learning is a method of using digital games to impart knowledge. Virtual reality (VR) programs are a practical application of this method. Due to demographic changes, the nursing profession will become increasingly important. These VR applications can be of use in training nurses for future professional challenges they may encounter. The continuous development of VR applications enables trainees to encounter simulated real life effectively and to experience increasingly concrete situations. This can be of great importance in nursing education, since 3-dimensionality enables a better visualization of many fields of activity and can prevent potential future errors. In addition to this learning effect, VR applications also bring an element of fun to learning. Objective: The aim of this qualitative research effort is to observe the degree of acceptance of VR applications by nursing students in Germany. Various factors, including social influences, performance expectations, and effort expectations, are taken into consideration. Methods: With a qualitative cohort study, the acceptance of nursing students towards VR applications in anatomy teaching was determined. The 12 participants were first asked to fill out a quantitative questionnaire on their sociodemographic characteristics and the extent to which they valued and liked using technology. The participants were then allowed to test the VR application themselves and were finally asked about their experience in a qualitative interview. For the collection of data and the analysis of results, the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology was used in this study. Results: Overall, the study shows that the interviewed persons rated the VR application quite positively. The greatest influence in this was the personal attitude towards technology; the higher this affinity is, the more useful the VR application appears. Social influences can also increase the participant’s own acceptance if peers have a positive attitude towards such applications. The study shows that the trainees' motivation to learn was increased by using VR. We believe this is because each trainee could learn individually and the VR application was perceived as an enjoyable activity. Nevertheless, the cost factor of implementing VR applications in nursing training is currently still an obstacle, as not every institution has such financial capacities. Conclusions: The extent to which the use of VR applications in the training of nursing staff is justified depends on the degree of personal acceptance. The collected results give good practice-oriented insight into the attitude of trainees towards VR. Many of the interviewed persons saw benefits in the use of VR technologies. As VR applications are constantly developing, it is necessary to conduct further studies on VR applications in nursing education and to include other possible disciplines in which these applications can be helpful.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
JMIR Nursing
Band
3
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
e20249
eISSN
2562-7600
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2950089

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Lange A-K, Koch J, Beck A, et al. Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model. JMIR Nursing. 2020;3(1): e20249.
Lange, A. - K., Koch, J., Beck, A., Neugebauer, T., Watzema, F., Wrona, K., & Dockweiler, C. (2020). Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model. JMIR Nursing, 3(1), e20249. https://doi.org/10.2196/20249
Lange, A. - K., Koch, J., Beck, A., Neugebauer, T., Watzema, F., Wrona, K., and Dockweiler, C. (2020). Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model. JMIR Nursing 3:e20249.
Lange, A.-K., et al., 2020. Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model. JMIR Nursing, 3(1): e20249.
A.-K. Lange, et al., “Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model”, JMIR Nursing, vol. 3, 2020, : e20249.
Lange, A.-K., Koch, J., Beck, A., Neugebauer, T., Watzema, F., Wrona, K., Dockweiler, C.: Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model. JMIR Nursing. 3, : e20249 (2020).
Lange, Ann-Kathrin, Koch, Jana, Beck, Anastasia, Neugebauer, Till, Watzema, Frauke, Wrona, Kamil, and Dockweiler, Christoph. “Learning With Virtual Reality in Nursing Education: Qualitative Interview Study Among Nursing Students Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model”. JMIR Nursing 3.1 (2020): e20249.
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Preprint: 10.2196/preprints.20249

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