Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review

Geukes C, Stark L, Dockweiler C (2022)
Journal of Medical Internet Research 24(1): e21063.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Digital technologies are increasingly integrating into people's daily living environments such as schools, sport clubs, and health care facilities. These settings play a crucial role for health promotion and prevention because they affect the health of their members, as the World Health Organization has declared. Implementing digital health promotion and prevention in settings offers the opportunity to reach specific target groups, lower the costs of implementation, and improve the health of the population. Currently, there is a lack of scientific evidence that reviews the research on digital health promotion and prevention in settings. Objective: This scoping review aims to provide an overview of research targeting digital health promotion and primary prevention in settings. It assesses the range of scientific literature regarding outcomes such as applied technology, targeted setting, and area of health promotion or prevention, as well as identifies research gaps. Methods: The scoping review was conducted following the Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien framework. We searched scientific databases and gray literature for articles on digital setting-based health promotion and prevention published from 2010 to January 2020. We included empirical and nonempirical publications in English or German and excluded secondary or tertiary prevention and health promotion at the workplace. Results: From 8888 records, the search resulted in 200 (2.25%) included publications. We identified a huge diversity of literature regarding digital setting-based health promotion and prevention. The variety of technology types extends from computer- and web-based programs to mobile devices (eg, smartphone apps) and telemonitoring devices (sensors). We found analog, digital, and blended settings in which digital health promotion and prevention takes place. The most frequent analog settings were schools (39/200, 19.5%) and neighborhoods or communities (24/200, 12%). Social media apps were also included because in some studies they were defined as a (digital) setting. They accounted for 31.5% (63/200) of the identified settings. The most commonly focused areas of health promotion and prevention were physical activity (81/200, 40.5%), nutrition (45/200, 22.5%), and sexual health (34/200, 17%). Most of the interventions combined several health promotion or prevention methods, including environmental change; providing information, social support, training, or incentives; and monitoring. Finally, we found that the articles mostly reported on behavioral rather than structural health promotion and prevention. Conclusions: The research field of digital health promotion and prevention in settings is heterogeneous. At the same time, we identified research gaps regarding the absence of valid definitions of relevant terms (eg, digital settings) and the lack of literature on structural health promotion and prevention in settings. Therefore, it remains unclear how digital technologies can contribute to structural (or organizational) changes in settings. More research is needed to successfully implement digital technologies to achieve health promotion and prevention in settings.
Erscheinungsjahr
2022
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Band
24
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
e21063
ISSN
1439-4456
eISSN
1438-8871
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2950086

Zitieren

Geukes C, Stark L, Dockweiler C. Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review . Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2022;24(1): e21063.
Geukes, C., Stark, L., & Dockweiler, C. (2022). Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review . Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(1), e21063. https://doi.org/10.2196/21063
Geukes, Cornelia, Stark, Lea, and Dockweiler, Christoph. 2022. “Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review ”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 24 (1): e21063.
Geukes, C., Stark, L., and Dockweiler, C. (2022). Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review . Journal of Medical Internet Research 24:e21063.
Geukes, C., Stark, L., & Dockweiler, C., 2022. Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review . Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(1): e21063.
C. Geukes, L. Stark, and C. Dockweiler, “Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review ”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 24, 2022, : e21063.
Geukes, C., Stark, L., Dockweiler, C.: Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review . Journal of Medical Internet Research. 24, : e21063 (2022).
Geukes, Cornelia, Stark, Lea, and Dockweiler, Christoph. “Digital Health Promotion and Prevention in Settings – A Scoping Review ”. Journal of Medical Internet Research 24.1 (2022): e21063.
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2022-11-24T13:54:52Z
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PMID: 35089140
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Preprint: 10.2196/preprints.21063

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