What is an animal personality?

Kaiser MI, Müller C (2021)
Biology & Philosophy 36(1): 1.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurden keine Dateien hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Abstract / Bemerkung
Individuals of many animal species are said to have a personality. It has been shown that some individuals are bolder than other individuals of the same species, or more sociable or more aggressive. In this paper, we analyse what it means to say that an animal has a personality. We clarify what an animal personality is, that is, its ontology, and how different personality concepts relate to each other, and we examine how personality traits are identified in biological practice. Our analysis shows that biologists often study specific personality traits, such as boldness, sociability or aggressiveness, rather than personalities in general. We claim that personality traits are best understood as dispositions and that they are operationally defined in terms of certain sets of behaviours, which are studied in specific experimental set-ups. Furthermore, we develop an integrative philosophical account that specifies and formalises three criteria for identifying personality traits, which are used in biological practice. For an individual animal to have a personality trait it must, first, behave differently than others (Individual Differences). Second, these behavioural differences must be stable over a certain time (Temporal Stability), and third, they must be consistent in different contexts (Contextual Consistency).
Erscheinungsjahr
2021
Zeitschriftentitel
Biology & Philosophy
Band
36
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
1
ISSN
0169-3867
eISSN
1572-8404
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2949952

Zitieren

Kaiser MI, Müller C. What is an animal personality? Biology & Philosophy. 2021;36(1): 1.
Kaiser, M. I., & Müller, C. (2021). What is an animal personality? Biology & Philosophy, 36(1), 1. doi:10.1007/s10539-020-09776-w
Kaiser, M. I., and Müller, C. (2021). What is an animal personality? Biology & Philosophy 36:1.
Kaiser, M.I., & Müller, C., 2021. What is an animal personality? Biology & Philosophy, 36(1): 1.
M.I. Kaiser and C. Müller, “What is an animal personality?”, Biology & Philosophy, vol. 36, 2021, : 1.
Kaiser, M.I., Müller, C.: What is an animal personality? Biology & Philosophy. 36, : 1 (2021).
Kaiser, Marie I., and Müller, Caroline. “What is an animal personality?”. Biology & Philosophy 36.1 (2021): 1.

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Suchen in

Google Scholar