The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects.

Park H, Kayser C (2020)
The Journal of neuroscience.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Our senses often receive conflicting multisensory information, which our brain reconciles by adaptive recalibration. A classic example is the ventriloquism aftereffect, which emerges following both cumulative (long-term) and trial-wise exposure to spatially discrepant multisensory stimuli. Despite the importance of such adaptive mechanisms for interacting with environments that change over multiple time scales, it remains debated whether the ventriloquism aftereffects observed following trial-wise- and cumulative exposure arise from the same neurophysiological substrate. We address this question by probing electroencephalography recordings from healthy humans (both sexes) for processes predictive of the aftereffect biases following the exposure to spatially offset audio-visual stimuli. Our results support the hypothesis that discrepant multisensory evidence shapes aftereffects on distinct time scales via common neurophysiological processes reflecting sensory inference and memory in parietal-occipital regions, while the cumulative exposure to consistent discrepancies additionally recruits prefrontal processes. During the subsequent unisensory trial, both trial-wise and cumulative exposure bias the encoding of the acoustic information, but do so distinctly. Our results posit a central role of parietal regions in shaping multisensory spatial recalibration, suggest that frontal regions consolidate the behavioral bias for persistent multisensory discrepancies, but also show that the trial-wise and cumulative exposure bias sound position encoding via distinct neurophysiological processes.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENTOur brain easily reconciles conflicting multisensory information, such as seeing an actress on screen while hearing her voice over headphones. These adaptive mechanisms exert a persistent influence on the perception of subsequent unisensory stimuli, known as the ventriloquism aftereffect. While this aftereffect emerges following trial-wise or cumulative exposure to multisensory discrepancies, it remained unclear whether both arise from a common neural substrate. We here rephrase this hypothesis using human electroencephalography recordings. Our data suggest that parietal regions involved in multisensory and spatial memory mediate the aftereffect following both trial-wise and cumulative adaptation, but also show that additional and distinct processes are involved in consolidating and implementing the aftereffect following prolonged exposure. Copyright © 2020 Park and Kayser.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
The Journal of neuroscience
eISSN
1529-2401
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2949429

Zitieren

Park H, Kayser C. The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects. The Journal of neuroscience. 2020.
Park, H., & Kayser, C. (2020). The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects. The Journal of neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2091-20.2020
Park, H., and Kayser, C. (2020). The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects. The Journal of neuroscience.
Park, H., & Kayser, C., 2020. The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects. The Journal of neuroscience.
H. Park and C. Kayser, “The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects.”, The Journal of neuroscience, 2020.
Park, H., Kayser, C.: The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects. The Journal of neuroscience. (2020).
Park, Hame, and Kayser, Christoph. “The neurophysiological basis of the trial-wise and cumulative ventriloquism aftereffects.”. The Journal of neuroscience (2020).

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