Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States?

Rauthmann J, Jones AB, Sherman RA (2016)
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 42(7): 893-909.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Rauthmann, JohnUniBi; Jones, Ashley Bell; Sherman, Ryne A.
Abstract / Bemerkung
To elucidate temporal sequences among and between person and situation variables, this work examines cross-measurement spillovers between situation experiences S (on the Situational Eight DIAMONDS characteristics [Duty, Intellect, Adversity, Mating, pOsitivity, Negativity, Deception, Sociality]) and personality states P (on the Big Six HEXACO dimensions [Honesty/Humility, Emotionality, eXtraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness to Experience]) in experience sampling data. Multi-level modeling of lagged data at tn1 and non-lagged data at t(n) grants the opportunity to examine (a) the stability (P -> P, S -> S), (b) cross-sectional associations (S <-> P), and (c) cross-lagged associations among and between situation experiences and personality states (S -> P, P -> S). Findings indicated that there were (a) moderate stability paths, (b) small to moderate cross-sectional paths, and (c) only very small cross-lagged paths (though the different situation characteristics and personality states showed differential tendencies toward no directionality, S -> P or P -> S unidirectionality, or bidirectionality). Findings are discussed in light of refining studies on dynamic person situation transactions.
Stichworte
person-situation transactions; situations; personality state; situation; experience; situation characteristic; Big Six HEXACO; Situational Eight; DIAMONDS; cross-lagged models
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Band
42
Ausgabe
7
Seite(n)
893-909
ISSN
0146-1672
eISSN
1552-7433
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2948798

Zitieren

Rauthmann J, Jones AB, Sherman RA. Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2016;42(7):893-909.
Rauthmann, J., Jones, A. B., & Sherman, R. A. (2016). Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42(7), 893-909. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167216647360
Rauthmann, J., Jones, A. B., and Sherman, R. A. (2016). Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 42, 893-909.
Rauthmann, J., Jones, A.B., & Sherman, R.A., 2016. Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42(7), p 893-909.
J. Rauthmann, A.B. Jones, and R.A. Sherman, “Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States?”, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 42, 2016, pp. 893-909.
Rauthmann, J., Jones, A.B., Sherman, R.A.: Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 42, 893-909 (2016).
Rauthmann, John, Jones, Ashley Bell, and Sherman, Ryne A. “Directionality of Person-Situation Transactions: Are There Spillovers Among and Between Situation Experiences And Personality States?”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 42.7 (2016): 893-909.

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