Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature

Wandschneider L, Batram-Zantvoort S, Razum O, Miani Vial C (2020)
International Journal for Equity in Health 19: 181.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Gender as a social construct contributes to determine who migrates and which migration-related risks and opportunities emerge in all phases of the migration trajectory. Simultaneously, migration influences the individual as well as societal definition and perception of gender roles. An explicit gender perspective in migration-related epidemiological research can contribute to adequately analyse and interpret the health of migrants. This systematic review gives a comprehensive overview on how gender has been conceptualised, operationalised and measured in social epidemiologic studies aiming to assess the influence of gender on health among migrants. Methods We searched PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, EconLit and PsycINFO and conducted backward reference searching. Reviewers independently selected studies, extracted data and conducted the quality assessment. Eligible studies actively aimed to understand, identify or explain the influence of gender on migrants’ health, whereby the role of gender can encompass a variety of mechanisms, processes or states of differentiation, discrimination and/or inequality. Results Almost all of the 43 studies were cross-sectional and focussed on health outcomes in the post-migration phase. The most common theme of research was the health of male migrants in the US, and in particular of men who have sex with men (MSM). All studies treated gender as a binary variable (men vs. women), without discussing additional types of gender identities. A minority of studies differentiated clearly between sex and gender. Gender was mostly operationalised through attitudes toward gender roles and gender-based discrimination, experienced at the individual level. Community and societal level gender measures capturing structural gender determinants were underrepresented. Conclusions The intersections of migration and gender suggested synergistic effects on health that only become visible when considering those two social determinants together. Future research needs to embrace a multilevel and non-binary understanding of gender and reflect on the influence of gender in the different phases of the migration journey.
Stichworte
Public Health; Environmental and Occupational Health; Health Policy
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
International Journal for Equity in Health
Band
19
Art.-Nr.
181
eISSN
1475-9276
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld im Rahmen des DEAL-Vertrags gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2946553

Zitieren

Wandschneider L, Batram-Zantvoort S, Razum O, Miani Vial C. Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature. International Journal for Equity in Health. 2020;19: 181.
Wandschneider, L., Batram-Zantvoort, S., Razum, O., & Miani Vial, C. (2020). Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19, 181. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01289-y
Wandschneider, Lisa, Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie, Razum, Oliver, and Miani Vial, Céline. 2020. “Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature”. International Journal for Equity in Health 19: 181.
Wandschneider, L., Batram-Zantvoort, S., Razum, O., and Miani Vial, C. (2020). Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature. International Journal for Equity in Health 19:181.
Wandschneider, L., et al., 2020. Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19: 181.
L. Wandschneider, et al., “Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature”, International Journal for Equity in Health, vol. 19, 2020, : 181.
Wandschneider, L., Batram-Zantvoort, S., Razum, O., Miani Vial, C.: Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature. International Journal for Equity in Health. 19, : 181 (2020).
Wandschneider, Lisa, Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie, Razum, Oliver, and Miani Vial, Céline. “Representation of gender in migrant health studies – a systematic review of the social epidemiological literature”. International Journal for Equity in Health 19 (2020): 181.
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2020-10-14T12:13:39Z
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