Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units

Numico G, Bellini R, Zanelli C, Ippoliti R, Boverio R, Kozel D, Davio P, Aiosa G, Bellora A, Chichino G, Ruiz L, et al. (2020)
Internal and Emergency Medicine 15(6): 1011-1019.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Numico, Gianmauro; Bellini, Roberta; Zanelli, Cristian; Ippoliti, RobertoUniBi; Boverio, Riccardo; Kozel, Daniela; Davio, Piero; Aiosa, Giuseppe; Bellora, Aldo; Chichino, Guido; Ruiz, Luigi; Ladetto, Marco
Alle
Abstract / Bemerkung
Given the high hospital costs, the increasing clinical complexity and the overcrowding of emergency departments, it is crucial to improve the efficiency of medical admissions. We aimed at isolating organizational drivers potentially targetable through a widespread improvement action. We studied all medical admissions in a large tertiary referral hospital from January 1st to December 31st, 2018. Data were retrieved from the administrative database. Available information included age, sex, type (urgent or elective) and Unit of admission, number of internal transfers, main ICD-9 diagnosis, presence of cancer among diagnoses, surgical or medical code, type of discharge, month, day and hour of admission and discharge. National Ministry of Health database was used for comparisons. 8099 admissions were analyzed. Urgent admissions (80.5% of the total) were responsible for longer stays and were the object of the multivariate analysis. The variables most influencing length-of-stay (LOS) were internal transfers and assisted discharge: they contributed, respectively, to 62% and 40% prolongation of LOS. Also, the daily and weekly kinetics of admission accounted for a significant amount of variation in LOS. Long admissions (>= 30 days) accounted for the 15.5% of total bed availability. Type of discharge and internal transfers were again among the major determinants. A few factors involved in LOS strictly depend on the organizational environment and are potentially modifiable. Re-engineering should be focused on making more efficient internal and external transitions and at ensuring continuity of the clinical process throughout the day and the week.
Stichworte
Length-of stay; Acute-care hospital; Medical admission; Discharge
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Internal and Emergency Medicine
Band
15
Ausgabe
6
Seite(n)
1011-1019
ISSN
1828-0447
eISSN
1970-9366
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2946124

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Numico G, Bellini R, Zanelli C, et al. Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units. Internal and Emergency Medicine . 2020;15(6):1011-1019.
Numico, G., Bellini, R., Zanelli, C., Ippoliti, R., Boverio, R., Kozel, D., Davio, P., et al. (2020). Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units. Internal and Emergency Medicine , 15(6), 1011-1019. doi:10.1007/s11739-019-02267-1
Numico, G., Bellini, R., Zanelli, C., Ippoliti, R., Boverio, R., Kozel, D., Davio, P., Aiosa, G., Bellora, A., Chichino, G., et al. (2020). Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units. Internal and Emergency Medicine 15, 1011-1019.
Numico, G., et al., 2020. Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units. Internal and Emergency Medicine , 15(6), p 1011-1019.
G. Numico, et al., “Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units”, Internal and Emergency Medicine , vol. 15, 2020, pp. 1011-1019.
Numico, G., Bellini, R., Zanelli, C., Ippoliti, R., Boverio, R., Kozel, D., Davio, P., Aiosa, G., Bellora, A., Chichino, G., Ruiz, L., Ladetto, M., Polla, B., Manganaro, M., Pistis, G., Gemme, C., Stobbione, P., Desperati, M., Centini, G.: Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units. Internal and Emergency Medicine . 15, 1011-1019 (2020).
Numico, Gianmauro, Bellini, Roberta, Zanelli, Cristian, Ippoliti, Roberto, Boverio, Riccardo, Kozel, Daniela, Davio, Piero, Aiosa, Giuseppe, Bellora, Aldo, Chichino, Guido, Ruiz, Luigi, Ladetto, Marco, Polla, Biagio, Manganaro, Marco, Pistis, Gianfranco, Gemme, Carlo, Stobbione, Paolo, Desperati, Massimo, and Centini, Giacomo. “Organizational determinants of hospital stay: establishing the basis of a widespread action on more efficient pathways in medical units”. Internal and Emergency Medicine 15.6 (2020): 1011-1019.

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