Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries

Gößmann K, Ssenyonga J, Nkuba M, Hermenau K, Hecker T (2020)
Child Abuse & Neglect 109: 104711.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Gößmann, KateUniBi ; Ssenyonga, Joseph; Nkuba, Mabula; Hermenau, Katharin; Hecker, TobiasUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Sexual violence against minors is a global phenomenon with wide-ranging negative consequences. Global reports suggest that it is a particularly serious issue in East African coun- tries, although research on prevalence and characteristics of violence in these countries is scarce. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess sexual violence and its circumstances among Tan- zanian and Ugandan adolescents. Participants and setting: Two representative samples of secondary school students aged 12–17 from Tanzania and Uganda (N = 1402) were included in this study. Methods: Data assessed using standardized questionnaires were analyzed to determine prevalence, characteristics, and contributing factors of sexual violence among youth. Results: We found high levels of sexual violence (27.2 %) exceeding global average estimates of under 20 %. Signi cantly more sexual violence experiences were reported by boys (29.9 %) than girls (24.6 %) and by older compared to younger adolescents (30.2 % vs. 19.6 %). Peers were the most frequent perpetrator group, named by 47.6 % of those reporting abuse. Several potential contributing factors for victimization were identi ed, such as rural living area, external nancial support, and being in a romantic relationship. Conclusions: Sexual violence is a relevant issue among East African adolescents that occurs in a variety of settings but appears to be most prevalent between peers. Comprehensive sexual edu- cation approaches may help to improve the protection of adolescents and to enhance autonomous sexual development.
Stichworte
Sexual violence Adolescence Prevalence East Africa Correlates
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Child Abuse & Neglect
Band
109
Art.-Nr.
104711
ISSN
0145-2134
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2945818

Zitieren

Gößmann K, Ssenyonga J, Nkuba M, Hermenau K, Hecker T. Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2020;109: 104711.
Gößmann, K., Ssenyonga, J., Nkuba, M., Hermenau, K., & Hecker, T. (2020). Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. Child Abuse & Neglect, 109, 104711. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104711
Gößmann, K., Ssenyonga, J., Nkuba, M., Hermenau, K., and Hecker, T. (2020). Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. Child Abuse & Neglect 109:104711.
Gößmann, K., et al., 2020. Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. Child Abuse & Neglect, 109: 104711.
K. Gößmann, et al., “Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries”, Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 109, 2020, : 104711.
Gößmann, K., Ssenyonga, J., Nkuba, M., Hermenau, K., Hecker, T.: Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. Child Abuse & Neglect. 109, : 104711 (2020).
Gößmann, Kate, Ssenyonga, Joseph, Nkuba, Mabula, Hermenau, Katharin, and Hecker, Tobias. “Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence: A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries”. Child Abuse & Neglect 109 (2020): 104711.

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