Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions.

Weiss A, Burgmer P, Lange J (2020)
Cognition & emotion.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Weiss, AlexaUniBi; Burgmer, Pascal; Lange, Jens
Abstract / Bemerkung
Gratitude reinforces social bonds. This relationship-regulating function depends on whether and how it is expressed. People can express gratitude in different ways: Beneficiaries may emphasise how they profited from a benefit (self-benefiting) or focus on the benefactor's actions and characteristics related to it (other-praising). What underlies these expressive styles remains unclear. Based on findings that other-praising gratitude expressions have unique positive effects on interpersonal relationships, four studies (N=1,188) investigated a novel antecedent of these expressions: unexpectedness of the benefit. In Study 1, we content-coded participants' thank-you notes for an actual Christmas present. Path modelling revealed that unexpectedness of the benefit predicted other-praising, whereas happiness with the present predicted self-benefiting. These results were robust to relevant covariates and mirrored by participants' self-reported self-benefiting and other-praising intentions. Studies 2-4 (preregistered) investigated samples from two different populations and experimentally manipulated (un)expectedness of recalled or imagined benefits. Given mixed experimental results, we conducted an internal meta-analysis. Across experimental studies, unexpected benefits increased other-praising, albeit weakly so, but not self-benefiting. In addition, the effect of unexpectedness on other-praising was significantly different from that on self-benefiting. We discuss potential processes and moderators of the effect of unexpected benefits on gratitude expressions.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Cognition & emotion
eISSN
1464-0600
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2945212

Zitieren

Weiss A, Burgmer P, Lange J. Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions. Cognition & emotion. 2020.
Weiss, A., Burgmer, P., & Lange, J. (2020). Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions. Cognition & emotion. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2020.1797638
Weiss, A., Burgmer, P., and Lange, J. (2020). Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions. Cognition & emotion.
Weiss, A., Burgmer, P., & Lange, J., 2020. Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions. Cognition & emotion.
A. Weiss, P. Burgmer, and J. Lange, “Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions.”, Cognition & emotion, 2020.
Weiss, A., Burgmer, P., Lange, J.: Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions. Cognition & emotion. (2020).
Weiss, Alexa, Burgmer, Pascal, and Lange, Jens. “Surprise me! On the impact of unexpected benefits on other-praising gratitude expressions.”. Cognition & emotion (2020).

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