Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study

Richter J, Zimmermann J, Neyer FJ, Kandler C (2020)
European Journal of Personality.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Richter, JuliaUniBi; Zimmermann, Julia; Neyer, Franz Joseph; Kandler, Christian
Abstract / Bemerkung
This study examined sojourners’ long-term personality trait changes over five years, extending previous research on immediate sojourn effects. A sample of German students (N = 1,095) was surveyed thrice (T1-T3) over the course of an academic year. Sojourners (n = 498) lived abroad shortly after T1 for one or two semesters, stayers (n = 597) remained in their home country. Five years after T1, we surveyed the same participants (n = 441, 40.3%) again (T4). Beyond substantial selection effects, latent neighbor-change models revealed that small differences between sojourners’ and stayers’ openness, agreeableness, and neuroticism changes occurred early after sojourn-induced contextual change. Model estimates suggested sustained sojourn effects on openness and neuroticism changes thereafter, and a reversed effect on agreeableness change after return. Due to reduced power and low accuracy at T4, these estimates were not statistically significant. Based on model comparison analyses, however, we could rule out reversed effects for openness and accentuated effects for agreeableness and neuroticism as least likely. Moreover, separating short-term and long-term sojourners revealed no substantial differences, but recurring sojourn experiences tended to play a role in sustaining differences. We discuss implications for future studies on patterns of sojourn effects on personality trait changes.
Stichworte
Big Five personality trait changes; sojourn experience; student mobility; lasting personality trait changes; long-term sojourn effects
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
European Journal of Personality
ISSN
0890-2070
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2944525

Zitieren

Richter J, Zimmermann J, Neyer FJ, Kandler C. Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality. 2020.
Richter, J., Zimmermann, J., Neyer, F. J., & Kandler, C. (2020). Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality. doi:10.1002/per.2291
Richter, J., Zimmermann, J., Neyer, F. J., and Kandler, C. (2020). Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality.
Richter, J., et al., 2020. Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality.
J. Richter, et al., “Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study”, European Journal of Personality, 2020.
Richter, J., Zimmermann, J., Neyer, F.J., Kandler, C.: Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Personality. (2020).
Richter, Julia, Zimmermann, Julia, Neyer, Franz Joseph, and Kandler, Christian. “Do sojourn effects on personality trait changes last? A five-year longitudinal study”. European Journal of Personality (2020).
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