Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations

Luhmann N (2020)
SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 37(3): 425-449.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
This text is a translation of the first five chapters of Niklas Luhmann's book 'Funktionen und Folgen formaler Organisation' [Functions and consequences of formal organization], which originally appeared in German in 1964. In contrast to his later works, which rely crucially on the concept of communication, in this text, Luhmann applies an action-based approach. He defines social systems as consisting of meaningfully interrelated actions that can be distinguished from their environment. Organizations are a specific type of social systems, that is, a social system that orders actions through the formalization of certain expectations. Formal expectations are those that are bound to the membership role and the acceptance of these is the condition for entry into and exit from the organization. Through the generalized member role, an organization is capable of defining highly generalized expectations. Thus, membership becomes the basis for imposing a broad range of specific yet constantly changeable expectations on members.
Stichworte
formality; membership; Niklas Luhmann; organization theory; social; systems
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
Band
37
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
425-449
ISSN
1092-7026
eISSN
1099-1743
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2944197

Zitieren

Luhmann N. Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE. 2020;37(3):425-449.
Luhmann, N. (2020). Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, 37(3), 425-449. doi:10.1002/sres.2689
Luhmann, N. (2020). Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 37, 425-449.
Luhmann, N., 2020. Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, 37(3), p 425-449.
N. Luhmann, “Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations”, SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, vol. 37, 2020, pp. 425-449.
Luhmann, N.: Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE. 37, 425-449 (2020).
Luhmann, Niklas. “Organization, membership and the formalization of behavioural expectations”. SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 37.3 (2020): 425-449.