Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation

Perquin M, Taylor M, Lorusso J, Kolasinski J (2020)
bioRxiv.

Preprint | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Perquin, MarlouUniBi; Taylor, Mason; Lorusso, Jarred; Kolasinski, James
Abstract / Bemerkung
Human machine interfaces are increasingly designed to reduce our reliance on the dominantly used senses of vision and audition. Many emerging technologies are attempting to convey complex spatiotemporal information via tactile percepts shown to be effective in the visual domain, such as shape and motion. Despite the intuitive appeal of touch as a method of feedback, we do not know to what extent the hand can substitute for the retina in this way. Here we ask whether the tactile system can be used to perceive complex whole hand motion stimuli, and whether it exhibits the same kind of established perceptual biases as reported in the visual domain. Using ultrasound stimulation, we were able to project complex moving dot percepts onto the palm in mid-air, over 30cm above an emitter device. We generated dot kinetogram stimuli involving motion in three different directional axes (‘Horizontal’, ‘Vertical’, and ‘Oblique’) on the ventral surface of the hand. We found clear evidence that participants were able to discriminate tactile motion direction. Furthermore, there was a marked directional bias in motion perception: participants were better and more confident at discriminating motion in the vertical and horizontal axes of the hand, compared to those stimuli moving obliquely. This pattern directly mirrors the perceptional biases that have been robustly reported in the visual field, termed the ‘Oblique Effect’. These data show the existence of biases in motion perception that transcend sensory modality. Furthermore, we extend the Oblique Effect to a whole hand scale, using motion stimuli presented on the broad and relatively low acuity surface of the palm, away from the densely innervated and much studied fingertips. These findings also highlight targeted ultrasound stimulation as a versatile means by which to convey potentially complex spatial and temporal information without the need for a user to wear or touch a device. This ability is particularly attractive as a potential feedback mechanism for application in contact-free human machine interfaces.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
bioRxiv
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2943822

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Perquin M, Taylor M, Lorusso J, Kolasinski J. Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation. bioRxiv. 2020.
Perquin, M., Taylor, M., Lorusso, J., & Kolasinski, J. (2020). Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation. bioRxiv
Perquin, M., Taylor, M., Lorusso, J., and Kolasinski, J. (2020). Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation. bioRxiv.
Perquin, M., et al., 2020. Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation. bioRxiv.
M. Perquin, et al., “Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation”, bioRxiv, 2020.
Perquin, M., Taylor, M., Lorusso, J., Kolasinski, J.: Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation. bioRxiv. (2020).
Perquin, Marlou, Taylor, Mason, Lorusso, Jarred, and Kolasinski, James. “Directional biases in whole hand motion perception revealed by mid-air tactile stimulation”. bioRxiv (2020).

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Preprint: 10.1101/2020.04.23.058024

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