A spiking recurrent neural network with phase change memory neurons and synapses for the accelerated solution of constraint satisfaction problems
Data-intensive computing applications, such as object recognition, time series prediction, and optimization tasks, are becoming increasingly important in several fields, including smart mobility, health, and industry. Because of the large amount of data involved in the computation, the conventional von Neumann architecture suffers from excessive latency and energy consumption due to the memory bottleneck. A more efficient approach consists of in-memory computing (IMC), where computational operations are directly carried out within the data. IMC can take advantage of the rich physics of memory devices, such as their ability to store analog values to be used in matrix-vector multiplication (MVM) and their stochasticity that is highly valuable in the frame of optimization and constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs). This article presents a stochastic spiking neuron based on a phase-change memory (PCM) device for the solution of CSPs within a Hopfield recurrent neural network (RNN). In the RNN, the PCM cell is used as the integrating element of a stochastic neuron, supporting the solution of a typical CSP, namely a Sudoku puzzle in hardware. Finally, the ability to solve Sudoku puzzles using RNNs with PCM-based neurons is studied for increasing size of Sudoku puzzles by a compact simulation model, thus supporting our PCM-based RNN for data-intensive computing.
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189-97
189-97
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)