Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy

Kaltschmidt B, Ennen I, Greiner J, Dietsch R, Patel A, Kaltschmidt B, Kaltschmidt C, Hütten A (2020)
Biomedicines 8(5): 105.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Terpenoids are natural plant-derived products that are applied to treat a broad range of human diseases, such as airway infections and inflammation. However, pharmaceutical applications of terpenoids against bacterial infection remain challenging due to their poor water solubility. Here, we produce invasomes encapsulating thymol, menthol, camphor and 1,8-cineol, characterize them via cryo transmission electron microscopy and assess their bactericidal properties. While control- and cineol-invasomes are similarly distributed between unilamellar and bilamellar vesicles, a shift towards unilamellar invasomes is observable after encapsulation of thymol, menthol or camphor. Thymol- and camphor-invasomes show a size reduction, whereas menthol-invasomes are enlarged and cineol-invasomes remain unchanged compared to control. While thymol-invasomes lead to the strongest growth inhibition of S. aureus, camphor- or cineol-invasomes mediate cell death and S. aureus growth is not affected by menthol-invasomes. Flow cytometric analysis validate that invasomes comprising thymol are highly bactericidal to S. aureus. Notably, treatment with thymol-invasomes does not affect survival of Gram-negative E. coli. In summary, we successfully produce terpenoid-invasomes and demonstrate that particularly thymol-invasomes show a strong selective activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Our findings provide a promising approach to increase the bioavailability of terpenoid-based drugs and may be directly applicable for treating severe bacterial infections such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus.
Stichworte
terpenoids; invasomes; thymol; menthol; camphor; cineol; S. aureus; E. coli; bactericidal
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Biomedicines
Band
8
Ausgabe
5
Art.-Nr.
105
eISSN
2227-9059
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft und die Universität Bielefeld gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2943216

Zitieren

Kaltschmidt B, Ennen I, Greiner J, et al. Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy. Biomedicines. 2020;8(5): 105.
Kaltschmidt, B., Ennen, I., Greiner, J., Dietsch, R., Patel, A., Kaltschmidt, B., Kaltschmidt, C., et al. (2020). Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy. Biomedicines, 8(5), 105. doi:10.3390/biomedicines8050105
Kaltschmidt, B., Ennen, I., Greiner, J., Dietsch, R., Patel, A., Kaltschmidt, B., Kaltschmidt, C., and Hütten, A. (2020). Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy. Biomedicines 8:105.
Kaltschmidt, B., et al., 2020. Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy. Biomedicines, 8(5): 105.
B. Kaltschmidt, et al., “Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy”, Biomedicines, vol. 8, 2020, : 105.
Kaltschmidt, B., Ennen, I., Greiner, J., Dietsch, R., Patel, A., Kaltschmidt, B., Kaltschmidt, C., Hütten, A.: Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy. Biomedicines. 8, : 105 (2020).
Kaltschmidt, Bernhard, Ennen, Inga, Greiner, Johannes, Dietsch, Robin, Patel, Anant, Kaltschmidt, Barbara, Kaltschmidt, Christian, and Hütten, Andreas. “Preparation of Terpenoid-Invasomes with Selective Activity against S. aureus and Characterization by Cryo Transmission Electron Microscopy”. Biomedicines 8.5 (2020): 105.
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2020-05-06T11:34:37Z
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