Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD)

Frey K, Weisshaar B, Pucker B (2020)
bioRxiv.

Preprint | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
OA 251.32 KB
Abstract / Bemerkung
Dispensability of genes in a phylogenetic lineage, e.g. a species, genus, or higher-level clade, is gaining relevance as most genome sequencing projects move to a pangenome level. Most analyses classify genes as core genes, which are present in (almost) all investigated individual genomes, and dispensable genes, which only occur in a single or a few investigated genomes. The binary classification as 'core' or 'dispensable' is often based on arbitrary cutoffs of presence/absence in the analysed genomes. Even when extended to 'conditionally dispensable', this concept still requires the assignment of genes to distinct groups. Here, we present a new method which overcomes this distinct classification by quantifying gene dispensability and present a dedicated tool for reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). As a proof of concept, sequence data of 966 Arabidopsis thaliana accessions were processed to calculate a gene-specific dispensability score based on normalised coverage in read mappings. We validated this score by comparison of highly conserved Benchmarking Universal Single Copy Orthologs (BUSCOs) to all other genes. The average scores of BUSCOs were significantly higher than the scores of non-BUSCOs. Scores of genes involved in specialised metabolism were generally lower than scores of primary metabolite genes, indicating higher dispensability of genes involved in secondary metabolic processes. Analysis of variation demonstrated lower variation values between replicates of a single accession than between iteratively, randomly selected accessions from the whole dataset. Instead of classifying a gene as core or dispensable, QUOD assigns a dispensability score to each gene. Hence, QUOD facilitates the identification of candidate dispensable genes which often underlie lineage-specific adaptation to varying environmental conditions.
Stichworte
evolution; core genome; dispensable genome; conditionally dispensable genome; comparative genomics; short read mapping
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
bioRxiv
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2943037

Zitieren

Frey K, Weisshaar B, Pucker B. Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). bioRxiv. 2020.
Frey, K., Weisshaar, B., & Pucker, B. (2020). Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). bioRxiv
Frey, K., Weisshaar, B., and Pucker, B. (2020). Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). bioRxiv.
Frey, K., Weisshaar, B., & Pucker, B., 2020. Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). bioRxiv.
K. Frey, B. Weisshaar, and B. Pucker, “Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD)”, bioRxiv, 2020.
Frey, K., Weisshaar, B., Pucker, B.: Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD). bioRxiv. (2020).
Frey, Katharina, Weisshaar, Bernd, and Pucker, Boas. “Reference-based QUantification Of gene Dispensability (QUOD)”. bioRxiv (2020).
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Volltext(e)
Name
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2020-04-30T04:35:23Z
MD5 Prüfsumme
ed56dbf2154c056a43387d7223465597

Link(s) zu Volltext(en)
Access Level
OA Open Access

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Quellen

bioRxiv: 10.1101/2020.04.28.065714

Suchen in

Google Scholar