Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task

Poth CH (2020)
Cognitive processing 21: 331-339.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
OA 1.28 MB
Abstract / Bemerkung
Visual working memory retains visual information for controlling behavior. We studied how information in visual working memory is prioritized for being used. In two experiments, participants memorized the stimuli of a memory display for a brief interval, followed by a retro-cue. The retro-cue was either valid, indicating which stimulus from the memory display was relevant (i.e., had priority) in the upcoming comparison with a probe, or was neutral (uninformative). Next, the probe was presented, terminated by a mask, and participants reported whether it matched a stimulus from the memory display. The presentation duration of the probe was varied. Assessing performance as a function of presentation duration allowed to disentangle two components of working memory: memory retention and the speed of processing the probe for the memory-based comparison. Compared with neutral retro-cues, valid retro-cues improved retention and at the same time accelerated processing of the probe. These findings show for the first time that prioritization in working memory impacts on distinct mechanisms: retrospectively, it supports memory retention, and prospectively, it enhances perceptual processing in upcoming comparison tasks.
Stichworte
Visual cognition; Perception; Visual working memory; Retro-cue effect
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Cognitive processing
Band
21
Seite(n)
331-339
ISSN
1612-4782
eISSN
1612-4790
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Open-Access-Publikationskosten wurden durch die Universität Bielefeld im Rahmen des DEAL-Vertrags gefördert.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942727

Zitieren

Poth CH. Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task. Cognitive processing. 2020;21:331-339.
Poth, C. H. (2020). Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task. Cognitive processing, 21, 331-339. doi:10.1007/s10339-020-00967-7
Poth, C. H. (2020). Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task. Cognitive processing 21, 331-339.
Poth, C.H., 2020. Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task. Cognitive processing, 21, p 331-339.
C.H. Poth, “Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task”, Cognitive processing, vol. 21, 2020, pp. 331-339.
Poth, C.H.: Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task. Cognitive processing. 21, 331-339 (2020).
Poth, Christian H. “Prioritization in visual working memory enhances memory retention and speeds up processing in a comparison task”. Cognitive processing 21 (2020): 331-339.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Volltext(e)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2020-08-11T12:18:44Z
MD5 Prüfsumme
830f5a0b9a7fc783fa3e86914e8fc38b

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 32206936
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar