Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches

Orlowski J, Wicker P, Breuer C (2016)
European Journal of Sport Science 16(6): 711-718.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Orlowski, Johannes; Wicker, PamelaUniBi; Breuer, Christoph
Abstract / Bemerkung
Previous research examining labour migration in sport focused on athletes in professional team sports. The purpose of this study is to analyse the factors influencing the migration probability of elite sport coaches in Germany (i.e. national coaches, state coaches, and coaches at Olympic training bases). From a theoretical perspective, labour migration of athletes is affected by economic, social, political, competitive, geographic and cultural factors. This study examines whether these factors can be applied to coaches. Primary data were collected using an online survey of elite sport coaches in Germany. Applying a conjoint design, respondents were presented with 10 migration scenarios leading to a sample size of n = 1860 for the empirical analysis. In the scenarios, the coaching position openings abroad differed in terms of income level, contract length, weekly workload, responsibility for personnel, reputation of coaching job, career perspectives, sporting performance of athletes, distance from Germany, and predominant job language. Coaches were asked for their migration probability contingent on the specific scenario. On average, migration probability was 24.2%. The results of regression analysis showed that higher income, contracts of longer duration, responsibility for personnel and speaking the respective language significantly increased the migration probability, while distances of nine flight hours and more, lower reputation and career perspectives reduced it. The findings have implications for policy-makers: they indicate in what areas the situation of coaches needs improvement to increase the likelihood of retaining elite sport coaches in the German sport system.
Stichworte
Coach; labour market; migration; elite sport
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
European Journal of Sport Science
Band
16
Ausgabe
6
Seite(n)
711-718
ISSN
1746-1391
eISSN
1536-7290
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942624

Zitieren

Orlowski J, Wicker P, Breuer C. Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches. European Journal of Sport Science. 2016;16(6):711-718.
Orlowski, J., Wicker, P., & Breuer, C. (2016). Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches. European Journal of Sport Science, 16(6), 711-718. doi:10.1080/17461391.2015.1130751
Orlowski, J., Wicker, P., and Breuer, C. (2016). Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches. European Journal of Sport Science 16, 711-718.
Orlowski, J., Wicker, P., & Breuer, C., 2016. Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches. European Journal of Sport Science, 16(6), p 711-718.
J. Orlowski, P. Wicker, and C. Breuer, “Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches”, European Journal of Sport Science, vol. 16, 2016, pp. 711-718.
Orlowski, J., Wicker, P., Breuer, C.: Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches. European Journal of Sport Science. 16, 711-718 (2016).
Orlowski, Johannes, Wicker, Pamela, and Breuer, Christoph. “Determinants of labour migration of elite sport coaches”. European Journal of Sport Science 16.6 (2016): 711-718.

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