Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France

Prinz J, Wicker P (2016)
Team Performance Management 22(1/2): 22-35.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Prinz, Joachim; Wicker, PamelaUniBi
Abstract / Bemerkung
Purpose The aim of this study is to examine the effects of team diversity on team performance in the Tour de France. Design/methodology/approach Longitudinal data on teams participating in the Tour de France between 2004 and 2013 are used for the empirical analysis (n = 208). Team performance is captured with a standardized measure controlling for the number of riders arriving in Paris. Diversity is measured with the variation coefficient (continuous variables) and the Blau index (categorical variables). Regression analysis is used to analyze diversity effects on team performance. Findings The results show that diversity in terms of tenure significantly adds to team performance, while diversity in terms of skills (proxied by body mass index) decreases performance. Diversity in terms of age, nationality, language, previous Tour participations and stage wins has no significant effect on team performance. The more teammates arrive in Paris, the better the team’s performance. Practical implications The findings have implications for team managers and the composition of teams. Managers should employ riders who are heterogeneous regarding tenure and homogeneous regarding skills. While investing in the integration of riders of different nationalities or languages does not pay off, it can be recommended to select riders who are likely to arrive in Paris. Originality/value The present study adds to the literature by examining diversity in a variety of attributes including human capital, experience and success that are observable in sport.
Stichworte
Organizational Performance; Critical success factors; Sport; Team management
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
Team Performance Management
Band
22
Ausgabe
1/2
Seite(n)
22-35
ISSN
1352-7592
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942623

Zitieren

Prinz J, Wicker P. Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France. Team Performance Management. 2016;22(1/2):22-35.
Prinz, J., & Wicker, P. (2016). Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France. Team Performance Management, 22(1/2), 22-35. doi:10.1108/TPM-05-2015-0026
Prinz, J., and Wicker, P. (2016). Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France. Team Performance Management 22, 22-35.
Prinz, J., & Wicker, P., 2016. Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France. Team Performance Management, 22(1/2), p 22-35.
J. Prinz and P. Wicker, “Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France”, Team Performance Management, vol. 22, 2016, pp. 22-35.
Prinz, J., Wicker, P.: Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France. Team Performance Management. 22, 22-35 (2016).
Prinz, Joachim, and Wicker, Pamela. “Diversity effects on team performance in the Tour de France”. Team Performance Management 22.1/2 (2016): 22-35.

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