Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries

Léra-Lopez F, Wicker P, Downward P (2016)
Journal of Public Health 38(2): e5-e12.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Léra-Lopez, Fernando; Wicker, PamelaUniBi; Downward, Paul
Abstract / Bemerkung
Background The aim of this study was to examine if government spending is associated with an individual's decision to participate in physical activity and sport which is regarded as healthy behavior given the positive health effects documented in previous research. Methods Individual-level data (n = 25 243) containing socio-demographic information are combined with national-level data on government spending (5-year average) in 27 European countries. Given the hierarchical data structure, i.e. individuals are nested within countries; multi-level analyses are applied. Results The multi-level models show that it is mainly education spending that has a significant positive association with participation in sport of various regularities. Health spending has some association with participation in other physical activity and sport of a lower regularity. Conclusions While health spending can be considered a relevant policy tool for increasing sport participation rates, education spending is required more since the effects are larger and it affects both physical activity and sport. This suggests that health spending will have most effect combined with earlier influences from education spending.
Stichworte
hierarchical model; multi-level analysis; physical activity; public health policy; sport
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Public Health
Band
38
Ausgabe
2
Seite(n)
e5-e12
ISSN
1741-3842
eISSN
1741-3850
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942622

Zitieren

Léra-Lopez F, Wicker P, Downward P. Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries. Journal of Public Health. 2016;38(2):e5-e12.
Léra-Lopez, F., Wicker, P., & Downward, P. (2016). Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries. Journal of Public Health, 38(2), e5-e12. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdv071
Léra-Lopez, F., Wicker, P., and Downward, P. (2016). Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries. Journal of Public Health 38, e5-e12.
Léra-Lopez, F., Wicker, P., & Downward, P., 2016. Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries. Journal of Public Health, 38(2), p e5-e12.
F. Léra-Lopez, P. Wicker, and P. Downward, “Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries”, Journal of Public Health, vol. 38, 2016, pp. e5-e12.
Léra-Lopez, F., Wicker, P., Downward, P.: Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries. Journal of Public Health. 38, e5-e12 (2016).
Léra-Lopez, Fernando, Wicker, Pamela, and Downward, Paul. “Does government spending help to promote healthy behavior in the population? Evidence from 27 European countries”. Journal of Public Health 38.2 (2016): e5-e12.

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PMID: 26054911
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