Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models

Wicker P, Frick B (2016)
VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 27(3): 1304-1322.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Wicker, PamelaUniBi; Frick, Bernd
Abstract / Bemerkung
The recruitment and retention of voluntary referees is challenging for nonprofit sport organizations. This study examines the trickle-down effect of role models on the retention of already active referees and the recruitment of new referees in German football (soccer). Secondary panel data on the number of referees and role models (i.e., referees promoted to the status of a Bundesliga or FIFA referee) were collected for the 21 regional football associations. The regression results show that the presence of role models has a statistically significant and positive effect on the number of existing referees. The number of new referees is positively affected by referees who were promoted to the status of a first Bundesliga referee, but not by those promoted to the status of a FIFA referee. The findings suggest that nonprofit sport organizations should capitalize on the effect of role models to a greater extent.
Stichworte
Volunteer; Referee; Trickle-down effect; Demonstration effect; Role model; Nonprofit sport club; Football
Erscheinungsjahr
2016
Zeitschriftentitel
VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations
Band
27
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
1304-1322
ISSN
0957-8765
eISSN
1573-7888
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942619

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Wicker P, Frick B. Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. 2016;27(3):1304-1322.
Wicker, P., & Frick, B. (2016). Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 27(3), 1304-1322. doi:10.1007/s11266-016-9705-4
Wicker, P., and Frick, B. (2016). Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 27, 1304-1322.
Wicker, P., & Frick, B., 2016. Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 27(3), p 1304-1322.
P. Wicker and B. Frick, “Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models”, VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, vol. 27, 2016, pp. 1304-1322.
Wicker, P., Frick, B.: Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. 27, 1304-1322 (2016).
Wicker, Pamela, and Frick, Bernd. “Recruitment and Retention of Referees in Nonprofit Sport Organizations: The Trickle-Down Effect of Role Models”. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 27.3 (2016): 1304-1322.

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