Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation

Wicker P, Hallmann K, Breuer C (2012)
Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal 2(1): 51-68.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Wicker, PamelaUniBi; Hallmann, Kirstin; Breuer, Christoph
Abstract / Bemerkung
Purpose - Sport participation is not exclusively determined by individual socio‐demographic factors (micro level) since infrastructure factors such as the availability of sport facilities and sport programmes (macro level) can also play a role in this regard. The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence for these determinants of sport participation using multi‐level analyses. Design/methodology/approach - A survey among the resident population in the city of Munich was carried out in 2008 (n=11,715). Furthermore, secondary data on the available sport infrastructure in every urban district of Munich (n=25) were collected. Multi‐level analyses were conducted to find the micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Findings - The results show that aside from micro level factors, the availability of swimming pools and parks is especially important for residents’ sport activity. Moreover, sport activity in non‐profit sport clubs can be enhanced by both a good supply of sport programmes offered by sport clubs as well as a poor supply of programmes from commercial sport providers and the municipality. Research limitations/implications - Multi‐level analyses can be recommended for future research on sport participation. The use of GIS data would be fruitful in this regard. Practical implications - It can be recommended that municipalities invest in the construction of swimming pools and parks. Originality/value - The paper shows that multi‐level analyses are a relatively new method of analysis for research on sport participation and that they represent the most suitable approach for analysing multi‐level data.
Erscheinungsjahr
2012
Zeitschriftentitel
Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal
Band
2
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
51-68
ISSN
2042-678X
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2942451

Zitieren

Wicker P, Hallmann K, Breuer C. Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal. 2012;2(1):51-68.
Wicker, P., Hallmann, K., & Breuer, C. (2012). Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 2(1), 51-68. doi:10.1108/20426781211207665
Wicker, P., Hallmann, K., and Breuer, C. (2012). Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal 2, 51-68.
Wicker, P., Hallmann, K., & Breuer, C., 2012. Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 2(1), p 51-68.
P. Wicker, K. Hallmann, and C. Breuer, “Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation”, Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, vol. 2, 2012, pp. 51-68.
Wicker, P., Hallmann, K., Breuer, C.: Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal. 2, 51-68 (2012).
Wicker, Pamela, Hallmann, Kirstin, and Breuer, Christoph. “Micro and macro level determinants of sport participation”. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal 2.1 (2012): 51-68.

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