More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations

Horstmann G, Becker SI (2020)
EMOTION 20(2): 206-216.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Autor*in
Horstmann, Gernot; Becker, Stefanie I.
Abstract / Bemerkung
The visual search paradigm has been used in emotion research to examine the relation between facial expressions of emotion and attention. Here, the better performance in a search for one facial expression category (e.g., a happy face) compared to a second category (e.g., an angry face) has been often interpreted as indicating better guidance of attention. Better guidance of attention in turn indicates that some aspect of the facial expression can be used preattentively, that is, while focused attention is directed elsewhere in the visual field. This view has been criticized because better performance may also mean better distractor rejection independently of guidance. The present study uses eye tracking to disentangle the two variables. The results show better search performance with a happy than angry face as the target. Facial emotion also influenced the time the eyes fixated a stimulus (dwelling), but not guidance related variables of search performance. A linear regression moreover showed that dwelling accounted for large amounts of variance in the overall search times. Overall, the results present clear-cut evidence that differential search performance does not need to indicate differential guidance, but may also be explained by postselective factors that influence the dwelling on stimuli. The broader implication of this demonstration is that results from the visual search paradigm have to be interpreted with caution, and that better search performance cannot be directly interpreted as an indicator of preattentive guidance of attention.
Stichworte
emotion; attention; visual search; faces
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
EMOTION
Band
20
Ausgabe
2
Seite(n)
206-216
ISSN
1528-3542
eISSN
1931-1516
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2941877

Zitieren

Horstmann G, Becker SI. More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations. EMOTION. 2020;20(2):206-216.
Horstmann, G., & Becker, S. I. (2020). More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations. EMOTION, 20(2), 206-216. doi:10.1037/emo0000536
Horstmann, G., and Becker, S. I. (2020). More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations. EMOTION 20, 206-216.
Horstmann, G., & Becker, S.I., 2020. More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations. EMOTION, 20(2), p 206-216.
G. Horstmann and S.I. Becker, “More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations”, EMOTION, vol. 20, 2020, pp. 206-216.
Horstmann, G., Becker, S.I.: More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations. EMOTION. 20, 206-216 (2020).
Horstmann, Gernot, and Becker, Stefanie I. “More Efficient Visual Search for Happy Faces May Not Indicate Guidance, but Rather Faster Distractor Rejection: Evidence From Eye Movements and Fixations”. EMOTION 20.2 (2020): 206-216.

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 30730168
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar