Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium.

Vilanova E, Ciodaro PJ, Bezerra FF, Santos GRC, Valle-Delgado JJ, Anselmetti D, Fernandez-Busquets X, Mourao PAS (2020)
Glycobiology.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Vilanova, Eduardo; Ciodaro, Priscilla J; Bezerra, Francisco F; Santos, Gustavo R C; Valle-Delgado, Juan J; Anselmetti, DarioUniBi ; Fernandez-Busquets, Xavier; Mourao, Paulo A S
Abstract / Bemerkung
Marine ancestors of freshwater sponges had to undergo a series of physiological adaptations to colonize harsh and heterogeneous limnic environments. Besides reduced salinity, river-lake systems also have calcium concentrations far lower than seawater. Cell adhesion in sponges is mediated by calcium-dependent multivalent self-interactions of sulfated polysaccharides components of membrane-bound proteoglycans named aggregation factors. Cells of marine sponges require seawater average calcium concentration (10mM) to sustain adhesion promoted by aggregation factors. We demonstrate here that the freshwater sponge Spongilla alba can thrive in a calcium-poor aquatic environment and that their cells are able to aggregate and form primmorphs with calcium concentrations 40-fold lower than that required by marine sponges cells. We also find that their gemmules need calcium and other micronutrients to hatch and generate new sponges. The sulfated polysaccharide purified from S. alba has sulfate content and molecular size notably lower than those from marine sponges. Nuclear magnetic resonance analyses indicated that it is composed of a central backbone of non- and 2-sulfated alpha- and beta-glucose units decorated with branches of alpha-glucose. Assessments with atomic force microscopy/single-molecule force spectroscopy show that S. alba glucan requires 10-fold less calcium than sulfated polysaccharides from marine sponges to self-interact efficiently. Such an ability to retain multi-cellular morphology with low environmental calcium must have been a crucial evolutionary step for freshwater sponges to successfully colonize inland waters. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Glycobiology
ISSN
0959-6658
eISSN
1460-2423
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2941714

Zitieren

Vilanova E, Ciodaro PJ, Bezerra FF, et al. Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium. Glycobiology. 2020.
Vilanova, E., Ciodaro, P. J., Bezerra, F. F., Santos, G. R. C., Valle-Delgado, J. J., Anselmetti, D., Fernandez-Busquets, X., et al. (2020). Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium. Glycobiology. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwaa014
Vilanova, E., Ciodaro, P. J., Bezerra, F. F., Santos, G. R. C., Valle-Delgado, J. J., Anselmetti, D., Fernandez-Busquets, X., and Mourao, P. A. S. (2020). Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium. Glycobiology.
Vilanova, E., et al., 2020. Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium. Glycobiology.
E. Vilanova, et al., “Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium.”, Glycobiology, 2020.
Vilanova, E., Ciodaro, P.J., Bezerra, F.F., Santos, G.R.C., Valle-Delgado, J.J., Anselmetti, D., Fernandez-Busquets, X., Mourao, P.A.S.: Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium. Glycobiology. (2020).
Vilanova, Eduardo, Ciodaro, Priscilla J, Bezerra, Francisco F, Santos, Gustavo R C, Valle-Delgado, Juan J, Anselmetti, Dario, Fernandez-Busquets, Xavier, and Mourao, Paulo A S. “Adhesion of freshwater sponge cells mediated by carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions requires low environmental calcium.”. Glycobiology (2020).

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