Abstract / Bemerkung
We develop a framework for obtaining rate coefficients in non- linear kinetic equations for slowly evolving quantities in a non- equilibrium system by matching real time correlation functions of thermal fluctuations computed in an effective description to those computed in thermal quantum field theory. We apply this formalism to sterile neutrino occupancies and lepton minus baryon numbers. After expanding in the sterile-neutrino Yukawa couplings, the coefficients in the equations are written as real time correlation functions of Standard Model operators. Our kinetic equations are valid for an arbitrary number of sterile neutrinos of any mass spectrum. They can be used to describe, e.g., low-scale leptogenesis via neutrino oscillations, or sterile neutrino dark matter production in the Higgs phase. We apply the formula for linear coefficients to the equilibration of right- handed electrons in the symmetric phase of the Standard Model, which happens relatively late in the history of the Universe due to the smallness of the electron Yukawa coupling. We compute the equilibration rate at leading order in the Standard Model couplings by including gauge interactions, the top Yukawa- and the Higgs self-interaction. The dominant contribution is due to 2 -> 2 particle scattering, even though the rate of (inverse) Higgs decays is strongly enhanced by multiple soft scattering which is included by Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) resummation. Our numerical result for the equilibration rate is substantially larger than approximations presented in previous literature. We find that the equilibration of right-handed electrons takes place at temperatures at which also low-scale leptogenesis can be realized, and we argue that in this case the two processes do not decouple.
Urheberrecht / Lizenzen
Schröder D. Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons. Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld; 2020.
Schröder, D. (2020). Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons. Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld. doi:10.4119/unibi/2941694
Schröder, D. (2020). Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons. Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld.
Schröder, D., 2020. Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons, Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld.
D. Schröder, Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons, Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld, 2020.
Schröder, D.: Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons. Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld (2020).
Schröder, Dennis. Low-scale leptogenesis and right-handed electrons. Bielefeld: Universität Bielefeld, 2020.
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