Extending Standoff Annotation

Stührenberg M (2014)
In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14). Calzolari N, Choukri K, Declerck T, Loftsson H, Maegaard B, Mariani J, Moreno A, Odijk J, Piperidis S, European Language Resources Association (ELRA) (Eds); .

Konferenzbeitrag | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Herausgeber*in
Calzolari, Nicoletta; Choukri, Khalid; Declerck, Thierry; Loftsson, Hrafn; Maegaard, Bente; Mariani, Joseph; Moreno, Asuncion; Odijk, Jan; Piperidis, Stelios
herausgebende Körperschaft
European Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Abstract / Bemerkung
Textual information is sometimes accompanied by additional encodings (such as visuals). These multimodal documents may be interesting objects of investigation for linguistics. Another class of complex documents are pre-annotated documents. Classic XML inline annotation often fails for both document classes because of overlapping markup. However, standoff annotation, that is the separation of primary data and markup, is a valuable and common mechanism to annotate multiple hierarchies and/or read-only primary data. We demonstrate an extended version of the XStandoff meta markup language, that allows the definition of segments in spatial and pre-annotated primary data. Together with the ability to import already established (linguistic) serialization formats as annotation levels and layers in an XStandoff instance, we are able to annotate a variety of primary data files, including text, audio, still and moving images. Application scenarios that may benefit from using XStandoff are the analyzation of multimodal documents such as instruction manuals, or sports match analysis, or the less destructive cleaning of web pages.
Stichworte
Standoff annotation; XStandoff; Complex documents
Erscheinungsjahr
2014
Titel des Konferenzbandes
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)
Konferenz
Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)
Konferenzort
Reykjavik
Konferenzdatum
2014-05-26 – 2014-05-31
eISBN
978-2-9517408-8-4
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2941367

Zitieren

Stührenberg M. Extending Standoff Annotation. In: Calzolari N, Choukri K, Declerck T, et al., eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14). 2014.
Stührenberg, M. (2014). Extending Standoff Annotation. In N. Calzolari, K. Choukri, T. Declerck, H. Loftsson, B. Maegaard, J. Mariani, A. Moreno, et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)
Stührenberg, M. (2014). “Extending Standoff Annotation” in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14), Calzolari, N., Choukri, K., Declerck, T., Loftsson, H., Maegaard, B., Mariani, J., Moreno, A., Odijk, J., Piperidis, S., and European Language Resources Association (ELRA) eds.
Stührenberg, M., 2014. Extending Standoff Annotation. In N. Calzolari, et al., eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14).
M. Stührenberg, “Extending Standoff Annotation”, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14), N. Calzolari, et al., eds., 2014.
Stührenberg, M.: Extending Standoff Annotation. In: Calzolari, N., Choukri, K., Declerck, T., Loftsson, H., Maegaard, B., Mariani, J., Moreno, A., Odijk, J., Piperidis, S., and European Language Resources Association (ELRA) (eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14). (2014).
Stührenberg, Maik. “Extending Standoff Annotation”. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14). Ed. Nicoletta Calzolari, Khalid Choukri, Thierry Declerck, Hrafn Loftsson, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Asuncion Moreno, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis, and European Language Resources Association (ELRA). 2014.
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