XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565

Schmidt P, Krause M, Heesen V, Basu A, Beck R, Wiegert T, Irwin JA, Heald G, Rand RJ, Li J-T, Murphy EJ (2019)
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 632: A12.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Schmidt, Philip; Krause, Marita; Heesen, Volker; Basu, AritraUniBi; Beck, Rainer; Wiegert, Theresa; Irwin, Judith A.; Heald, George; Rand, Richard J.; Li, Jiang-Tao; Murphy, Eric J.
Abstract / Bemerkung
Context. Cosmic-ray electrons (CREs) originating from the star-forming discs of spiral galaxies frequently form extended radio haloes that are best observable in edge-on galaxies, where their properties can be directly investigated as a function of vertical height above the disc. Aims. For the present study, we selected two nearby edge-on galaxies from the Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies - an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES), NGC891 and 4565, which di ffer largely in their detectable halo extent and their star-formation rates (SFRs). Our aim is to figure out how such di fferences are related to the (advective and /or di ffusive) CRE transport in the disc and in the halo. Methods. We use wide-band 1.5 and 6 GHz Very Large Array (VLA) observations obtained in the B, C, and D configurations, and combine the 6 GHz images with E ffelsberg observations to correct for missing short spacings. After subtraction of the thermal emission, we investigate the spatially resolved synchrotron spectral index distribution in terms of CRE spectral ageing. We further compute total magnetic field strengths assuming equipartition between the cosmic-ray (CR) energy density and the magnetic field, and measure synchrotron scale heights at both frequencies. Based on the fitted vertical profiles of the synchrotron intensity and on the spectral index profile between 1.5 and 6 GHz, we create purely advective and purely di ffusive CRE transport models by numerically solving the 1D di ffusion-loss equation. In particular, we investigate for the first time the radial dependence of synchrotron and magnetic field scale heights, advection speeds, and di ffusion coe fficients, whereas previous studies of these two galaxies only determined global values of these quantities. Results. We find that the overall spectral index distribution of NGC891 is mostly consistent with continuous CRE injection. In NGC4565, many of the local synchrotron spectra (even in the disc) feature a break between 1.5 and 6 GHz and are thus more in line with discrete-epoch CRE injection (Jaffe-Perola (JP) or Kardashev-Pacholczyk (KP) models). This implies that CRE injection timescales are lower than the synchrotron cooling time-scales. The synchrotron scale height of NGC891 increases with radius, indicating that synchrotron losses are significant. NGC891 is probably dominated by advective CRE transport at a velocity of &150 km s 1. In contrast, NGC4565 is di ffusion-dominated up to z = 1 kpc or higher, with a di ffusion coe fficient of >= 2 x 10(28) cm(2) s(-1).
Stichworte
galaxies: spiral; galaxies: halos; galaxies: magnetic fields; galaxies:; individual: NGC 891; galaxies: individual: NGC 4565; radio continuum:; galaxies
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Band
632
Art.-Nr.
A12
ISSN
0004-6361
eISSN
1432-0746
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2940108

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Schmidt P, Krause M, Heesen V, et al. XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 2019;632: A12.
Schmidt, P., Krause, M., Heesen, V., Basu, A., Beck, R., Wiegert, T., Irwin, J. A., et al. (2019). XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 632, A12. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834995
Schmidt, P., Krause, M., Heesen, V., Basu, A., Beck, R., Wiegert, T., Irwin, J. A., Heald, G., Rand, R. J., Li, J. - T., et al. (2019). XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 632:A12.
Schmidt, P., et al., 2019. XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 632: A12.
P. Schmidt, et al., “XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565”, ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, vol. 632, 2019, : A12.
Schmidt, P., Krause, M., Heesen, V., Basu, A., Beck, R., Wiegert, T., Irwin, J.A., Heald, G., Rand, R.J., Li, J.-T., Murphy, E.J.: XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 632, : A12 (2019).
Schmidt, Philip, Krause, Marita, Heesen, Volker, Basu, Aritra, Beck, Rainer, Wiegert, Theresa, Irwin, Judith A., Heald, George, Rand, Richard J., Li, Jiang-Tao, and Murphy, Eric J. “XVI. An in-depth view of the cosmic-ray transport in the edge-on spiral galaxies NGC891 and NGC4565”. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 632 (2019): A12.