Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Troeger CE, Khalil IA, Blacker BF, Biehl MH, Albertson SB, Zimsen SRM, Rao PC, Abate D, Admasie A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MLCB, et al. (2020)
LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES 20(1): 60-79.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Troeger, Christopher E.; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Blacker, Brigette F.; Biehl, Molly H.; Albertson, Samuel B.; Zimsen, Stephanie R. M.; Rao, Puja C.; Abate, Degu; Admasie, Amha; Ahmadi, Alireza; Ahmed, Mohamed Lemine Cheikh Brahim; Akal, Chalachew Genet
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background Despite large reductions in under-5 lower respiratory infection (LRI) mortality in many locations, the pace of progress for LRIs has generally lagged behind that of other childhood infectious diseases. To better inform programmes and policies focused on preventing and treating LRIs, we assessed the contributions and patterns of risk factor attribution, intervention coverage, and sociodemographic development in 195 countries and territories by drawing from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017) LRI estimates. Methods We used four strategies to model LRI burden: the mortality due to LRIs was modelled using vital registration data, demographic surveillance data, and verbal autopsy data in a predictive ensemble modelling tool; the incidence of LRIs was modelled using population representative surveys, health-care utilisation data, and scientific literature in a compartmental meta-regression tool; the attribution of risk factors for LRI mortality was modelled in a counterfactual framework; and trends in LRI mortality were analysed applying changes in exposure to risk factors over time. In GBD, infectious disease mortality, including that due to LRI, is among HIV-negative individuals. We categorised locations based on their burden in 1990 to make comparisons in the changing burden between 1990 and 2017 and evaluate the relative percent change in mortality rate, incidence, and risk factor exposure to explain differences in the health loss associated with LRIs among children younger than 5 years. Findings In 2017, LRIs caused 808 920 deaths (95% uncertainty interval 747 286-873 591) in children younger than 5 years. Since 1990, there has been a substantial decrease in the number of deaths (from 2 337 538 to 808 920 deaths; 65.4% decrease, 61.5-68.5) and in mortality rate (from 362.7 deaths [3304-392.0] per 100 000 children to 118.9 deaths [109.8-128.3] per 100 000 children; 67.2% decrease, 63.5-70.1). LRI incidence dedined globally (32.4% decrease, 27.2-37.5). The percent change in under-5 mortality rate and incidence has varied across locations. Among the risk factors assessed in this study, those responsible for the greatest decrease in under-5 LRI mortality between 1990 and 2017 were increased coverage of vaccination against Haemophilus influenza type b (11.4% decrease, 0.0-24.5), increased pneumococcal vaccine coverage (6.3% decrease, 6.1-6.3), and reductions in household air pollution (8.4%, 6 8-9.2). Interpretation Our findings show that there have been substantial but uneven declines in LRI mortality among countries between 1990 and 2017. Although improvements in indicators of sociodemographic development could explain some of these trends, changes in exposure to modifiable risk factors are related to the rates of decline in LRI mortality. No single intervention would universally accelerate reductions in health loss associated with LRIs in all settings, but emphasising the most dominant risk factors, particularly in countries with high case fatality, can contribute to the reduction of preventable deaths. Copyright (C) 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Band
20
Ausgabe
1
Seite(n)
60-79
ISSN
1473-3099
eISSN
1474-4457
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2940095

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Troeger CE, Khalil IA, Blacker BF, et al. Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 2020;20(1):60-79.
Troeger, C. E., Khalil, I. A., Blacker, B. F., Biehl, M. H., Albertson, S. B., Zimsen, S. R. M., Rao, P. C., et al. (2020). Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 20(1), 60-79. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30410-4
Troeger, C. E., Khalil, I. A., Blacker, B. F., Biehl, M. H., Albertson, S. B., Zimsen, S. R. M., Rao, P. C., Abate, D., Admasie, A., Ahmadi, A., et al. (2020). Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES 20, 60-79.
Troeger, C.E., et al., 2020. Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 20(1), p 60-79.
C.E. Troeger, et al., “Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017”, LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES, vol. 20, 2020, pp. 60-79.
Troeger, C.E., Khalil, I.A., Blacker, B.F., Biehl, M.H., Albertson, S.B., Zimsen, S.R.M., Rao, P.C., Abate, D., Admasie, A., Ahmadi, A., Ahmed, M.L.C.B., Akal, C.G., Alahdab, F., Alam, N., Alene, K.A., Alipour, V., Aljunid, S.M., Al-Raddadi, R.M., Alvis-Guzman, N., Amini, S., Anjomshoa, M., Antonio, C.A.T., Arabloo, J., Aremu, O., Atalay, H.T., Atique, S., Avokpaho, E.F.G.A., Awad, S., Awasthi, A., Badawi, A., Balakrishnan, K., Banoub, J.A.M., Barac, A., Bassat, Q., Bedi, N., Bennett, D.A., Bhattacharyya, K., Bhutta, Z.A., Bijani, A., Bills, C.B., Car, J., Carvalho, F., Castaneda-Orjuela, C.A., Causey, K., Christopher, D.J., Cohen, A.J., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Daryani, A., Demeke, F.M., Djalalinia, S., Dubey, M., Dubljanin, E., Duken, E.E., Zaki, M.E.S., Endries, A.Y., Fernandes, E., Fischer, F., Frostad, J., Fullman, N., Gardner, W.M., Geta, B., Ghadiri, K., Gorini, G., Goulart, A.C., Guo, Y., Hailu, G.B., Haj-Mirzaian, A., Haj-Mirzaian, A., Hamidi, S., Hassen, H.Y., Chi Linh Hoang, C.L.H., Horita, N., Hostiuc, M., Hussain, Z., Irvani, S.S.N., James, S.L., Jha, R.P., Jonas, J.B., Karch, A., Kasaeian, A., Kassa, T.D., Kassebaum, N.J., Kefale, A.T., Khader, Y.S., Khan, E.A., Khan, G., Khan, M.N., Khang, Y.-H., Khoja, A.T., Kimokoti, R.W., Kisa, A., Kisa, S., Kissoon, N., Knibbs, L.D., Kochhar, S., Kosen, S., Koul, P.A., Koyanagi, A., Defo, B.K., Kumar, G.A., Lal, D.K., Leshargie, C.T., Lewycka, S., Li, S., Lodha, R., Macarayan, E.R.K., Majdan, M., Mamun, A.A., Manguerra, H., Mehta, V., Melese, A., Memish, Z.A., Mengistu, D.T., Meretoja, T.J., Mestrovic, T., Miazgowski, B., Mirrakhimov, E.M., Moazen, B., Mohammad, K.A., Mohammed, S., Monasta, L., Moore, C.E., Morawska, L., Mosser, J.F., Mousavi, S.M., Murthy, S., Mustafa, G., Nazari, J., Cuong Tat Nguyen, C.T.N., Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, H.L.T.N., Long Hoang Nguyen, L.H.N., Son Hoang Nguyen, S.H.N., Nielsen, K.R., Nisar, M.I., Nixon, M.R., Ogbo, F.A., Okoro, A., Olagunju, A.T., Olagunju, T.O., Oren, E., Ortiz, J.R., Mahesh, P.A., Pakhale, S., Postma, M.J., Qorbani, M., Quansah, R., Rafiei, A., Rahim, F., Rahimi-Movaghar, V., Rai, R.K., Reitsma, M.B., Rezai, M.S., Rezapour, A., Jesus Rios-Blancas, M., Ronfani, L., Rothenbacher, D., Rubino, S., Saleem, Z., Sambala, E.Z., Samy, A.M., Milicevic, M.M.S., Sarmiento-Suarez, R., Sartorius, B., Savic, M., Sawhney, M., Saxena, S., Sbarra, A., Seyedmousavi, S., Shaikh, M.A., Sheikh, A., Shigematsu, M., Smith, D.L., Sreeramareddy, C.T., Stanaway, J.D., Sufiyan, M.'awiyyah B., Temsah, M.-H., Tessema, B., Bach Xuan Tran, B.X.T., Khanh Bao Tran, K.B.T., Tsadik, A.G., Ullah, I., Updike, R.L., Vasankari, T.J., Veisani, Y., Wada, F.W., Waheed, Y., Welgan, K., Wiens, K.E., Wiysonge, C.S., Yimer, E.M., Yonemoto, N., Zaidi, Z., Zar, H.J., Lim, S.S., Vos, T., Mokdad, A.H., Murray, C.J.L., Kyu, H.H., Hay, S.I., Reiner, Robert C., J.: Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 20, 60-79 (2020).
Troeger, Christopher E., Khalil, Ibrahim A., Blacker, Brigette F., Biehl, Molly H., Albertson, Samuel B., Zimsen, Stephanie R. M., Rao, Puja C., Abate, Degu, Admasie, Amha, Ahmadi, Alireza, Ahmed, Mohamed Lemine Cheikh Brahim, Akal, Chalachew Genet, Alahdab, Fares, Alam, Noore, Alene, Kefyalew Addis, Alipour, Vahid, Aljunid, Syed Mohamed, Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M., Alvis-Guzman, Nelson, Amini, Saeed, Anjomshoa, Mina, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Arabloo, Jalal, Aremu, Olatunde, Atalay, Hagos Tasew, Atique, Suleman, Avokpaho, Euripide F. G. A., Awad, Samah, Awasthi, Ashish, Badawi, Alaa, Balakrishnan, Kalpana, Banoub, Joseph Adel Mattar, Barac, Aleksandra, Bassat, Quique, Bedi, Neeraj, Bennett, Derrick A., Bhattacharyya, Krittika, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Bijani, Ali, Bills, Corey B., Car, Josip, Carvalho, Felix, Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A., Causey, Kate, Christopher, Devasahayam J., Cohen, Aaron J., Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Daryani, Ahmad, Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen, Djalalinia, Shirin, Dubey, Manisha, Dubljanin, Eleonora, Duken, Eyasu Ejeta, Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed, Endries, Aman Yesuf, Fernandes, Eduarda, Fischer, Florian, Frostad, Joseph, Fullman, Nancy, Gardner, William M., Geta, Birhanu, Ghadiri, Keyghobad, Gorini, Giuseppe, Goulart, Alessandra C., Guo, Yuming, Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa, Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin, Haj-Mirzaian, Arya, Hamidi, Samer, Hassen, Hamid Yimam, Chi Linh Hoang, Chi Linh Hoang, Horita, Nobuyuki, Hostiuc, Mihaela, Hussain, Zakir, Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi, James, Spencer L., Jha, Ravi Prakash, Jonas, Jost B., Karch, Andre, Kasaeian, Amir, Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale, Kassebaum, Nicholas J., Kefale, Adane Teshome, Khader, Yousef Saleh, Khan, Ejaz Ahmad, Khan, Gulfaraz, Khan, Md Nuruzzaman, Khang, Young-Ho, Khoja, Abdullah T., Kimokoti, Ruth W., Kisa, Adnan, Kisa, Sezer, Kissoon, Niranjan, Knibbs, Luke D., Kochhar, Sonali, Kosen, Soewarta, Koul, Parvaiz A., Koyanagi, Ai, Defo, Barthelemy Kuate, Kumar, G. Anil, Lal, Dharmesh Kumar, Leshargie, Cheru Tesema, Lewycka, Sonia, Li, Shanshan, Lodha, Rakesh, Macarayan, Erlyn Rachelle King, Majdan, Marek, Mamun, Abdullah A., Manguerra, Helena, Mehta, Varshil, Melese, Addisu, Memish, Ziad A., Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese, Meretoja, Tuomo J., Mestrovic, Tomislav, Miazgowski, Bartosz, Mirrakhimov, Erkin M., Moazen, Babak, Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin, Mohammed, Shafiu, Monasta, Lorenzo, Moore, Catrin E., Morawska, Lidia, Mosser, Jonathan F., Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam, Murthy, Srinivas, Mustafa, Ghulam, Nazari, Javad, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Son Hoang Nguyen, Son Hoang Nguyen, Nielsen, Katie R., Nisar, Muhammad Imran, Nixon, Molly R., Ogbo, Felix Akpojene, Okoro, Anselm, Olagunju, Andrew T., Olagunju, Tinuke O., Oren, Eyal, Ortiz, Justin R., Mahesh, P. A., Pakhale, Smita, Postma, Maarten J., Qorbani, Mostafa, Quansah, Reginald, Rafiei, Alireza, Rahim, Fakher, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Rai, Rajesh Kumar, Reitsma, Marissa Bettay, Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh, Rezapour, Aziz, Jesus Rios-Blancas, Maria, Ronfani, Luca, Rothenbacher, Dietrich, Rubino, Salvatore, Saleem, Zikria, Sambala, Evanson Zondani, Samy, Abdallah M., Milicevic, Milena M. Santric, Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo, Sartorius, Benn, Savic, Miloje, Sawhney, Monika, Saxena, Sonia, Sbarra, Alyssa, Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba, Shaikh, Masood Ali, Sheikh, Aziz, Shigematsu, Mika, Smith, David L., Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T., Stanaway, Jeffrey D., Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale, Temsah, Mohamad-Hani, Tessema, Belay, Bach Xuan Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Khanh Bao Tran, Khanh Bao Tran, Tsadik, Afewerki Gebremeskel, Ullah, Irfan, Updike, Rachel L., Vasankari, Tommi Juhani, Veisani, Yousef, Wada, Fiseha Wadilo, Waheed, Yasir, Welgan, Katie, Wiens, Kirsten E., Wiysonge, Charles Shey, Yimer, Ebrahim M., Yonemoto, Naohiro, Zaidi, Zoubida, Zar, Heather J., Lim, Stephen S., Vos, Theo, Mokdad, Ali H., Murray, Christopher J. L., Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe, Hay, Simon I., and Reiner, Robert C., Jr. “Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017”. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES 20.1 (2020): 60-79.

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