GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB

Giesselmann M, Schmidt-Catran AW (2019)
In: SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49. Sociological Methodology, 49. Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc: 190-219.

Sammelwerksbeitrag | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Giesselmann, MarcoUniBi; Schmidt-Catran, Alexander W.
Abstract / Bemerkung
Multilevel models with persons nested in countries are increasingly popular in cross-country research. Recently, social scientists have started to analyze data with a three-level structure: persons at level 1, nested in year-specific country samples at level 2, nested in countries at level 3. By using a country fixed-effects estimator, or an alternative equivalent specification in a random-effects framework, this structure is increasingly used to estimate within-country effects in order to control for unobserved heterogeneity. For the main effects of country-level characteristics, such estimators have been shown to have desirable statistical properties. However, estimators of cross-level interactions in these models are not exhibiting these attractive properties: as algebraic transformations show, they are not independent of between-country variation and thus carry country-specific heterogeneity. Monte Carlo experiments consistently reveal the standard approaches to within estimation to provide biased estimates of cross-level interactions in the presence of an unobserved correlated moderator at the country level. To obtain an unbiased within-country estimator of a cross-level interaction, effect heterogeneity must be systematically controlled. By replicating a published analysis, we demonstrate the relevance of this extended country fixed-effects estimator in research practice. The intent of this article is to provide advice for multilevel practitioners, who will be increasingly confronted with the availability of pooled cross-sectional survey data.
Stichworte
cross-level interaction; pooled cross-section; country fixed effects; fixed effects; multilevel analysis; within effect
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Buchtitel
SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49
Band
49
Seite(n)
190-219
ISSN
0081-1750
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2939947

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Giesselmann M, Schmidt-Catran AW. GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB. In: SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49. Sociological Methodology. Vol 49. Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc; 2019: 190-219.
Giesselmann, M., & Schmidt-Catran, A. W. (2019). GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49, Sociological Methodology, 49, 190-219. Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc. doi:10.1177/0081175018809150
Giesselmann, M., and Schmidt-Catran, A. W. (2019). “GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB” in SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49 Sociological Methodology, vol. 49, (Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc), 190-219.
Giesselmann, M., & Schmidt-Catran, A.W., 2019. GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB. In SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49. Sociological Methodology. no.49 Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc, pp. 190-219.
M. Giesselmann and A.W. Schmidt-Catran, “GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB”, SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49, Sociological Methodology, vol. 49, Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc, 2019, pp.190-219.
Giesselmann, M., Schmidt-Catran, A.W.: GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49. Sociological Methodology. 49, p. 190-219. Sage Publications Inc, Newbury pk (2019).
Giesselmann, Marco, and Schmidt-Catran, Alexander W. “GETTING THE WITHIN ESTIMATOR OF CROSS-LEVEL INTERACTIONS IN MULTILEVEL MODELS WITH POOLED CROSS-SECTIONS: WHY COUNTRY DUMMIES (SOMETIMES) DO NOT DO THE JOB”. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY, VOL 49. Newbury pk: Sage Publications Inc, 2019.Vol. 49. Sociological Methodology. 190-219.