The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers

Geisler R, Dargel C, Hellweg T (2020)
Molecules 25(1): 117.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
This review discusses recent progress in physicochemical understanding of the action of the saponin β -aescin (also called β -escin), the biologically active component in the seeds of the horse chestnut tree Aesculus hippocastanum. β -Aescin is used in pharmacological and cosmetic applications showing strong surface activity. In this review, we outline the most important findings describing the behavior of β -aescin in solution (e.g., critical micelle concentration ( cmc ) and micelle shape) and special physicochemical properties of adsorbed β -aescin monolayers at the air–water and oil–water interface. Such monolayers were found to posses very special viscoelastic properties. The presentation of the experimental findings is complemented by discussing recent molecular dynamics simulations. These simulations do not only quantify the predominant interactions in adsorbed monolayers but also highlight the different behavior of neutral and ionized β -aescin molecules. The review concludes on the interaction of β -aescin with phospholipid model membranes in the form of bilayers and Langmuir monolayers. The interaction of β -aescin with lipid bilayers was found to strongly depend on its cmc . At concentrations below the cmc , membrane parameters are modified whereas above the cmc , complete solubilization of the bilayers occurs, depending on lipid phase state and concentration. In the presence of gel-phase phospholipids, discoidal bicelles form; these are tunable in size by composition. The phase behavior of β -aescin with lipid membranes can also be modified by addition of other molecules such as cholesterol or drug molecules. The lipid phase state also determines the penetration rate of β -aescin molecules into lipid monolayers. The strongest interaction was always found in the presence of gel-phase phospholipid molecules.
Stichworte
saponin; β-aescin; β-escin; lipid membrane; Langmuir monolayers; air–water interface; MD simulation; critical micelle concentration cmc; Aesculus hippocastanum
Erscheinungsjahr
2020
Zeitschriftentitel
Molecules
Band
25
Ausgabe
1
Art.-Nr.
117
eISSN
1420-3049
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2939847

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Geisler R, Dargel C, Hellweg T. The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers. Molecules. 2020;25(1): 117.
Geisler, R., Dargel, C., & Hellweg, T. (2020). The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers. Molecules, 25(1), 117. doi:10.3390/molecules25010117
Geisler, R., Dargel, C., and Hellweg, T. (2020). The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers. Molecules 25:117.
Geisler, R., Dargel, C., & Hellweg, T., 2020. The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers. Molecules, 25(1): 117.
R. Geisler, C. Dargel, and T. Hellweg, “The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers”, Molecules, vol. 25, 2020, : 117.
Geisler, R., Dargel, C., Hellweg, T.: The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers. Molecules. 25, : 117 (2020).
Geisler, Ramsia, Dargel, Carina, and Hellweg, Thomas. “The Biosurfactant β-Aescin: A Review on the Physico-Chemical Properties and Its Interaction with Lipid Model Membranes and Langmuir Monolayers”. Molecules 25.1 (2020): 117.
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2020-01-07T13:37:55Z
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