Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood

Bowen CE, Spuling SM, Kornadt A, Wiest M (2019)
European Journal of Ageing.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Autor*in
Bowen, Catherine E.; Spuling, Svenja M.; Kornadt, AnnaUniBi ; Wiest, Maja
Abstract / Bemerkung
We use questionnaire data from the MIDUS study (N = 6325 and a subsample n = 2120) to examine the extent to which people in their late 20s, late 40s and late 60s think that positive characteristics apply to themselves, their age peers and other age groups. Results based on factor analysis confirmed the existence of age stereotypes, such that one constellation of characteristics (wise, caring, calm, knowledgeable, generative; “wise”) was seen as more descriptive of older adults, while another constellation of characteristics (energetic, healthy, willing to learn; “energetic”) was seen as more descriptive of younger adults. Self-evaluations were, however, highly positive and largely independent of age. As a group, younger adults saw themselves as being as “energetic” but “wiser” than their age peers, while older adults saw themselves as being more “energetic” but less “wise” than their age peers. In sum, the results suggest that self-views are relatively independent of existing age stereotypes but also indicate that the “better-than-average effect” depends on age and whether the considered characteristics represent a relative strength or weakness of one’s own age group. The results also indicate that, at the aggregate level, older adults’ tendency to use stereotypes about their age group’s weaknesses as a frame of reference for making flattering self-evaluations seems to outweigh the effects of stereotype internalization.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
European Journal of Ageing
ISSN
1613-9372
eISSN
1613-9380
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2939201

Zitieren

Bowen CE, Spuling SM, Kornadt A, Wiest M. Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood. European Journal of Ageing. 2019.
Bowen, C. E., Spuling, S. M., Kornadt, A., & Wiest, M. (2019). Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood. European Journal of Ageing. doi:10.1007/s10433-019-00548-4
Bowen, C. E., Spuling, S. M., Kornadt, A., and Wiest, M. (2019). Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood. European Journal of Ageing.
Bowen, C.E., et al., 2019. Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood. European Journal of Ageing.
C.E. Bowen, et al., “Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood”, European Journal of Ageing, 2019.
Bowen, C.E., Spuling, S.M., Kornadt, A., Wiest, M.: Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood. European Journal of Ageing. (2019).
Bowen, Catherine E., Spuling, Svenja M., Kornadt, Anna, and Wiest, Maja. “Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: Comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood”. European Journal of Ageing (2019).

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