Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size.

Füser H, Müller M-T, Weiss L, Höss S, Traunspurger W (2019)
Environmental Pollution 255(Pt 2): 113227.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Microplastics are hardly biodegradable and thus accumulate rather than decompose in the environment. Due to sedimentation processes, meiobenthic fauna is exposed to microplastics. Within the meiofauna, nematodes are a very abundant taxon and occupy an important position in benthic food webs by connecting lower and higher trophic levels. However, the key determinants of the uptake of microplastics by freshwater nematodes are still unknown. To investigate the bioaccessibility of microplastics for nematodes, we performed single- and multi-species ingestion experiments in which the ability of seven nematode species (six bacterial and one fungal feeder), diverse in their buccal cavity morphology (1.3-10.5 mum), to ingest fluorescence-labelled polystyrene (PS) beads along with their natural diet was examined. Applied beads sizes (0.5, 1.0, 3.0 and 6.0 mum), exposure time (4, 24 and 72 h) and concentration (3 * 106 PS beads ml-1 and 107 PS beads ml-1) were varied. Ingested beads were localized and quantified via fluorescence microscopy in the nematodes. In contrast to fungal-feeding nematode species with a stylet, bacterial-feeding species ingested 0.5- and 1.0-mum PS beads with up to 249 and 255 beads after 24 h, respectively. Microplastics ≥0.5 mum could only be ingested and transported into the gastrointestinal tract, if the buccal cavities were considerably (>1.3 times) larger than the beads. At concentrations of 107 PS beads ml-1 ingestion rates were influenced by exposure time and PS bead concentration. In case of a known microplastic size distribution in the environment, predictions on the potential ingestion for nematode communities can be made based on the feeding type composition and the size of their buccal cavities. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Environmental Pollution
Band
255
Ausgabe
Pt 2
Art.-Nr.
113227
ISSN
1873-6424
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2937753

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Füser H, Müller M-T, Weiss L, Höss S, Traunspurger W. Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size. Environmental Pollution. 2019;255(Pt 2): 113227.
Füser, H., Müller, M. - T., Weiss, L., Höss, S., & Traunspurger, W. (2019). Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size. Environmental Pollution, 255(Pt 2), 113227. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113227
Füser, H., Müller, M. - T., Weiss, L., Höss, S., and Traunspurger, W. (2019). Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size. Environmental Pollution 255:113227.
Füser, H., et al., 2019. Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size. Environmental Pollution, 255(Pt 2): 113227.
H. Füser, et al., “Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size.”, Environmental Pollution, vol. 255, 2019, : 113227.
Füser, H., Müller, M.-T., Weiss, L., Höss, S., Traunspurger, W.: Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size. Environmental Pollution. 255, : 113227 (2019).
Füser, Hendrik, Müller, Marie-Theres, Weiss, Linette, Höss, Sebastian, and Traunspurger, Walter. “Ingestion of microplastics by nematodes depends on feeding strategy and buccal cavity size.”. Environmental Pollution 255.Pt 2 (2019): 113227.

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