Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities

Zapata-Calvente AL, Moya M, Bohner G, Megias JL (2019)
Sex Roles 81(7-8): 439-455.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht| Englisch
 
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Autor/in
Zapata-Calvente, Antonella L.; Moya, Miguel; Bohner, GerdUniBi ; Megias, Jesus L.
Abstract / Bemerkung
Intimate partner violence against women (IPV) and sexual harassment are both widespread. Research on their causes and attitudinal correlates has rarely examined implicit, automatic cognitive associations related to the partner (in IPV aggressors) or to women (in sexual harassment offenders). The aim of the present research was to study these implicit associations in 129 male German students. Participants completed scales of hostile sexism (HS), masculine gender role stress (MGRS), short-term (STMO) and long-term mating orientation (LTMO), and proclivity to both IPV and sexual harassment. Next they performed a primed lexical decision task that measured whether concepts of violence, power, hostility, and sexuality were differentially associated with representations of women, men, and the participant's own intimate partner. Results showed that implicit associations of own partner with violence as well as hostility were generally high but did not correlate strongly with the proclivity measures. Furthermore, the proclivity measures were positively predicted by HS, MGRS, and STMO, whereas LTMO negatively predicted IPV proclivity. Practice implications point to the need to address early socialization processes that may shape men's negative associations with female partners. Some strategies to prevent and reduce these types of implicit associations are discussed.
Stichworte
Intimate partner violence; Implicit associations; Implicit measures; Lexical decision task; Semantic priming; Sexual harassment
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Sex Roles
Band
81
Ausgabe
7-8
Seite(n)
439-455
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2937728

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Zapata-Calvente AL, Moya M, Bohner G, Megias JL. Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities. Sex Roles. 2019;81(7-8):439-455.
Zapata-Calvente, A. L., Moya, M., Bohner, G., & Megias, J. L. (2019). Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities. Sex Roles, 81(7-8), 439-455. doi:10.1007/s11199-019-1006-0
Zapata-Calvente, A. L., Moya, M., Bohner, G., and Megias, J. L. (2019). Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities. Sex Roles 81, 439-455.
Zapata-Calvente, A.L., et al., 2019. Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities. Sex Roles, 81(7-8), p 439-455.
A.L. Zapata-Calvente, et al., “Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities”, Sex Roles, vol. 81, 2019, pp. 439-455.
Zapata-Calvente, A.L., Moya, M., Bohner, G., Megias, J.L.: Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities. Sex Roles. 81, 439-455 (2019).
Zapata-Calvente, Antonella L., Moya, Miguel, Bohner, Gerd, and Megias, Jesus L. “Automatic Associations and Conscious Attitudes Predict Different Aspects of Men's Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Harassment Proclivities”. Sex Roles 81.7-8 (2019): 439-455.