Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia.

Jacob C, Altevers J, Barck I, Hardt T, Braun S, Greiner W (2019)
ESC heart failure.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
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AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the burden of heart failure (HF) patients with/without iron deficiency/iron deficiency anaemia (ID/A) from the health insurance perspective.; METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective claims database analysis using the Institut fur angewandte Gesundheitsforschung Berlin research database. The study period spanned from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014. HF patients were identified by International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision, German Modification codes (I50.-, I50.0-, I50.00, I50.01, I50.1-, I50.11, I50.12, I50.13, I50.14, I50.19, and I50.9). HF patients were stratified into HF patients without ID/A and HF patients with ID/A (D50.-, D50.0, D50.8, D50.9, and E61.1). HF patients with ID/A were stratified into three subgroups: no iron treatment, oral iron treatment, and intravenous iron treatment. A matching approach was applied to compare outcomes for HF patients without ID/A vs. HF patient with untreated incident ID/A without iron treatment and for HF patients receiving no iron treatment vs. oral iron treatment vs. intravenous iron treatment. Matching parameters included exact age, sex, and New York Heart Association functional class. An optimization algorithm was used to balance total health care costs in the baseline period for the potential matched pairs without sample size reduction. In total, 172394 (4537.4 per 100000) HF patients were identified in the Institut fur angewandte Gesundheitsforschung Berlin research database in 2013. Of these, 11.1% (19070; 501.9 per 100000) were diagnosed with ID/A and/or had a prescription for iron medication in 2013. The mean age of HF patients was 77.0years (±12.0years). Women were more frequently diagnosed with HF (54.6%). HF patients with untreated incident ID/A (1.77%) had a significantly higher all-cause mortality than HF patients without ID/A (33.1% vs. 24.1%, P<0.01). The analysis of health care utilization revealed significant differences in the rate of all-cause hospitalization (72.9% vs. 50.5%, P<0.01). The annual health care costs for HF patients with untreated incident ID/A amounted to 17347 with incremental costs of 849 (P<0.01) attributed to ID/A.; CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure is associated with a major burden for patients and the health care system in terms of health care resource utilization, costs, and mortality. Our findings suggest that there is an unmet need for treating more HF patients with ID/A with iron medication. © 2019 The Authors. ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
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ESC heart failure
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Jacob C, Altevers J, Barck I, Hardt T, Braun S, Greiner W. Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia. ESC heart failure. 2019.
Jacob, C., Altevers, J., Barck, I., Hardt, T., Braun, S., & Greiner, W. (2019). Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia. ESC heart failure. doi:10.1002/ehf2.12485
Jacob, C., Altevers, J., Barck, I., Hardt, T., Braun, S., and Greiner, W. (2019). Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia. ESC heart failure.
Jacob, C., et al., 2019. Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia. ESC heart failure.
C. Jacob, et al., “Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia.”, ESC heart failure, 2019.
Jacob, C., Altevers, J., Barck, I., Hardt, T., Braun, S., Greiner, W.: Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia. ESC heart failure. (2019).
Jacob, Christian, Altevers, Julia, Barck, Isabella, Hardt, Thomas, Braun, Sebastian, and Greiner, Wolfgang. “Retrospective analysis into differences in heart failure patients with and without iron deficiency or anaemia.”. ESC heart failure (2019).

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PMID: 31286685
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