Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People

Ibrahim H, Catani C, Ismail AA, Neuner F (2019)
Frontiers in Psychology 10: 1505.

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Abstract / Bemerkung
While the factor structure of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms has been investigated among various traumatized populations in Western and high-income countries, knowledge regarding the validity of factor structure of PTSD among culturally diverse populations in low-and-middle-income countries is limited. The current study examined the factor structure and cultural invariance of PTSD in 521 Iraqi and 993 Syrian war-affected displaced people who were living in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Results from confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that alternative factor models for PTSD, including a new model derived from this population (anhedonia and affect model) resulted in a better fit than the current DSM V models. Taken together, the results showed that a good fit, as well as the measurement invariance of PTSD factors, could be obtained by applying the anhedonia and hybrid model. This study provides further support for the anhedonia and hybrid model of PTSD and fills an important gap in knowledge about the validity of PTSD symptom clusters among Arab and Kurdish populations.
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Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
10
Art.-Nr.
1505
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Ibrahim H, Catani C, Ismail AA, Neuner F. Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People. Frontiers in Psychology. 2019;10: 1505.
Ibrahim, H., Catani, C., Ismail, A. A., & Neuner, F. (2019). Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1505. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01505
Ibrahim, H., Catani, C., Ismail, A. A., and Neuner, F. (2019). Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People. Frontiers in Psychology 10:1505.
Ibrahim, H., et al., 2019. Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1505.
H. Ibrahim, et al., “Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 10, 2019, : 1505.
Ibrahim, H., Catani, C., Ismail, A.A., Neuner, F.: Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People. Frontiers in Psychology. 10, : 1505 (2019).
Ibrahim, Hawkar, Catani, Claudia, Ismail, Azad Ali, and Neuner, Frank. “Dimensional Structure and Cultural Invariance of DSM V Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Iraqi and Syrian Displaced People”. Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019): 1505.
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