What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty

Esposito E, Stark D (2019)
THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY 36(4): 3-26.

Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
Autor
;
Abstract / Bemerkung
Ratings and rankings are criticized for being simplistic, obscurantist, inaccurate, and subjective, yet they are becoming an increasingly influential social form. We elaborate the criticisms of ratings and rankings in various fields but go on to argue that analysis should shift its target. The problem that ratings deal with is not observation of an independent world. Instead, the challenge they face is the circularity of second-order observation in which observations must take into account the observations of others. To this purpose they function well enough not because they mirror how things are but because they offer a highly visible reference point to which others are attentive and thereby provide an orientation to navigate uncertainty. The concluding section places the problem of ratings and rankings in a broader historical perspective, contrasting the ranked society to the society of rankings. Responding to uncertainty, ratings and rankings perpetuates rather than eliminates anxiety.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY
Band
36
Ausgabe
4
Seite(n)
3-26
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Esposito E, Stark D. What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY. 2019;36(4):3-26.
Esposito, E., & Stark, D. (2019). What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY, 36(4), 3-26. doi:10.1177/0263276419826276
Esposito, E., and Stark, D. (2019). What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY 36, 3-26.
Esposito, E., & Stark, D., 2019. What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY, 36(4), p 3-26.
E. Esposito and D. Stark, “What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty”, THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY, vol. 36, 2019, pp. 3-26.
Esposito, E., Stark, D.: What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY. 36, 3-26 (2019).
Esposito, Elena, and Stark, David. “What's Observed in a Rating? Rankings as Orientation in the Face of Uncertainty”. THEORY CULTURE & SOCIETY 36.4 (2019): 3-26.