Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards

Weißinger L, Schrieber K, Breuer M, Müller C (2019)
Journal of Applied Entomology 143(8): 802-812.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Understanding the dynamics of pest insect populations in relation to the presence of non‐crop habitats and infestation levels of adjacent crops is essential to develop sustainable pest management strategies. The invasive pest species Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is able to utilize a broad range of host plants. In viticulture, scientific risk assessment for D. suzukii has only recently started and studies assessing the effects of field margins containing wild host plants on D. suzukii population dynamics and on infestation risks in adjacent vineyards are lacking. Thus, in a one‐year field study, the role of different field margins on fly abundance and crop infestation in adjacent vineyards of Vitis vinifera, variety “Pinot Noir,” were investigated. Different monitoring methods were conducted to assess fly distribution, sex ratio and grape infestation in 14 vineyards adjacent to field margins containing either blackberry (BB) Rubus spp. or non‐host (NH) plants. Our results show that blackberries strongly enhanced D. suzukii abundance within field margin vegetation all year long, whereas fly abundance in vineyards adjacent to BB margins was just enhanced in some seasonal periods. Moreover, the influence of BB margins was limited by distance. However, high fly numbers in BB field margins did result in zero egg infestation of “Pinot Noir” berries. These results may have important implications for winegrowers to make efficient management decisions: regardless of high abundance of adult D. suzukii, only grape berry monitoring can assess the actual infestation risk and the potential need to take management action.
Stichworte
invasive species; non‐crop host; pest abundance; sex ratio; spotted wing drosophila; viticulture
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Applied Entomology
Band
143
Ausgabe
8
Seite(n)
802-812
ISSN
0931-2048
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2935985

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Weißinger L, Schrieber K, Breuer M, Müller C. Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards. Journal of Applied Entomology. 2019;143(8):802-812.
Weißinger, L., Schrieber, K., Breuer, M., & Müller, C. (2019). Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards. Journal of Applied Entomology, 143(8), 802-812. doi:10.1111/jen.12669
Weißinger, L., Schrieber, K., Breuer, M., and Müller, C. (2019). Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards. Journal of Applied Entomology 143, 802-812.
Weißinger, L., et al., 2019. Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards. Journal of Applied Entomology, 143(8), p 802-812.
L. Weißinger, et al., “Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards”, Journal of Applied Entomology, vol. 143, 2019, pp. 802-812.
Weißinger, L., Schrieber, K., Breuer, M., Müller, C.: Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards. Journal of Applied Entomology. 143, 802-812 (2019).
Weißinger, Lisa, Schrieber, Karin, Breuer, Michael, and Müller, Caroline. “Influences of blackberry margins on population dynamics of Drosophila suzukii and grape infestation in adjacent vineyards”. Journal of Applied Entomology 143.8 (2019): 802-812.