Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis

Pöppel J, Kopp S (2019)
In: Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society). 2585--2591.

Konferenzbeitrag | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Humans develop an ability for Theory of Mind (ToM) by the age of six, which enables them to infer another agent’s mental state and to differentiate it from one’s own. Much evidence suggests that humans can do this in a presumably optimal way and, correspondingly, a Bayesian Theory of Mind (BToM) framework has been shown to match human inferences and attributions. Mostly, this has been investigated with specific, explicit mentalizing tasks. However, other research has shown that humans often deviate from optimal reasoning in various ways. We investigate whether typical BToM models really capture human ToM reasoning in tasks that solicit more intuitive reasoning. We present results of an empirical study where humans deviate from Bayesian optimal reasoning in a ToM task but instead exhibit egocentric tendencies. We also discuss how computational models can better account for such sub-optimal processing.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Titel des Konferenzbandes
Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society)
Seite(n)
2585--2591
Konferenz
The 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2019)
Konferenzort
Montreal
Konferenzdatum
2019-07-24 – 2019-07-27
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2935637

Zitieren

Pöppel J, Kopp S. Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis. In: Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society). 2019: 2585--2591.
Pöppel, J., & Kopp, S. (2019). Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis. Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society), 2585--2591.
Pöppel, J., and Kopp, S. (2019). “Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis” in Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society) 2585--2591.
Pöppel, J., & Kopp, S., 2019. Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis. In Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society). pp. 2585--2591.
J. Pöppel and S. Kopp, “Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis”, Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society), 2019, pp.2585--2591.
Pöppel, J., Kopp, S.: Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis. Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society). p. 2585--2591. (2019).
Pöppel, Jan, and Kopp, Stefan. “Egocentric Tendencies in Theory of Mind Reasoning: An Empirical and Computational Analysis”. Proceedings of CogSci 2019 (41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society). 2019. 2585--2591.

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