Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum

Lamers A, Toepper M, Fernando SC, Schlosser N, Bauer E, Woermann F, Driessen M, Beblo T (2019)
Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN 44(3): 1-10.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Background: Emotion dysfunction is a key symptom in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and is considered a consequence of dysfunctional emotion regulation (e.g., reduced emotion acceptance). In the present functional MRI (fMRI) study, we investigated the neural correlates of habitual emotion acceptance in individuals with BPD.; Methods: Female patients with BPD and female healthy controls passively viewed negative and neutral movie clips of faces during fMRI. We assessed emotion acceptance using the Emotion Acceptance Questionnaire (EAQ). To examine brain activation associated with habitual emotional acceptance of negative stimuli, the EAQ score was included as a regressor of interest in brain data analyses of activation intensity during negative compared with neutral movies.; Results: We included 20 women with BPD and 20 heatlhy controls in our analysis. Compared with healthy controls, patients with BPD showed significantly more activation in frontostriatal brain regions (i.e., left superior frontal gyrus, right caudate) as well as in the left precuneus, left precentral gyrus, left posterior cingulate cortex and left hippocampus when confronted with negative (v. neutral) stimuli. Patients with BPD reported decreased emotion acceptance compared with healthy controls, and habitual emotion acceptance was inversely associated with activation of striatal areas (i.e., left putamen, left caudate) in patients with BPD.; Limitations: Causal conclusions are not possible. Comorbid diagnoses were not excluded, and only female participants were investigated. Stimuli were not rated immediately and may not be generalizable to all negative emotions. We cannot make any statements about other emotion-regulation strategies that may have been applied here.; Conclusion: Data indicate that striatal hyperactivation during the processing of negative stimuli in women with BPD is related to their decreased disposition to accept unpleasant emotional states. Thus, individuals with BPD may benefit from therapy approaches that focus on emotion acceptance in order to normalize emotional reactions. © 2019 Joule Inc. or its licensors
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN
Band
44
Ausgabe
3
Seite(n)
1-10
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Lamers A, Toepper M, Fernando SC, et al. Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN. 2019;44(3):1-10.
Lamers, A., Toepper, M., Fernando, S. C., Schlosser, N., Bauer, E., Woermann, F., Driessen, M., et al. (2019). Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN, 44(3), 1-10.
Lamers, A., Toepper, M., Fernando, S. C., Schlosser, N., Bauer, E., Woermann, F., Driessen, M., and Beblo, T. (2019). Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN 44, 1-10.
Lamers, A., et al., 2019. Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN, 44(3), p 1-10.
A. Lamers, et al., “Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum”, Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN, vol. 44, 2019, pp. 1-10.
Lamers, A., Toepper, M., Fernando, S.C., Schlosser, N., Bauer, E., Woermann, F., Driessen, M., Beblo, T.: Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN. 44, 1-10 (2019).
Lamers, Agnes, Toepper, Max, Fernando, Silvia Carvalho, Schlosser, Nicole, Bauer, Eva, Woermann, Friedrich, Driessen, Martin, and Beblo, Thomas. “Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum”. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN 44.3 (2019): 1-10.

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