Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction

Kalberer S, De Rango E, Trillmich F, Krüger O (2019)
Ecology and Evolution 9(9): 5450-5456.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Age at primiparity (AP) is a key life history trait which is crucial to the evolution of life history strategies. This trait is particularly interesting in pinnipeds (walrus, eared seals, and true seals), which are monotocous animals. Thus, the commonly observed trade‐off between offspring quality and quantity does not apply to this taxon. Therefore, comparative studies on the evolution of AP might shed light on other important evolutionary correlates when litter size is fixed. Using phylogenetic generalized least squares analyses, we found a strong negative and robust correlation between relative birth mass (mean pup birth mass as a proportion of mean adult female mass) and AP. Rather than trading‐off an early start of reproduction with light relative offspring mass, this result suggests that pinnipeds exhibit either faster (i.e., higher relative offspring mass leading to shorter lactation length, and thus shorter interbirth interval) or slower life histories and that an early AP and a heavy relative offspring mass co‐evolved into a comparatively fast life history strategy. On the other hand, AP was positively related to lactation length: A later start of reproduction was associated with a longer lactation length. Consequently, variation in AP in pinnipeds seems to be affected by an interplay between costs and benefits of early reproduction mediated by relative investment into the single offspring via relative birth mass and lactation length.
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
Ecology and Evolution
Band
9
Ausgabe
9
Seite(n)
5450-5456
ISSN
2045-7758
eISSN
2045-7758
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2935109

Zitieren

Kalberer S, De Rango E, Trillmich F, Krüger O. Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction. Ecology and Evolution. 2019;9(9):5450-5456.
Kalberer, S., De Rango, E., Trillmich, F., & Krüger, O. (2019). Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction. Ecology and Evolution, 9(9), 5450-5456. doi:10.1002/ece3.5138
Kalberer, S., De Rango, E., Trillmich, F., and Krüger, O. (2019). Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction. Ecology and Evolution 9, 5450-5456.
Kalberer, S., et al., 2019. Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction. Ecology and Evolution, 9(9), p 5450-5456.
S. Kalberer, et al., “Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction”, Ecology and Evolution, vol. 9, 2019, pp. 5450-5456.
Kalberer, S., De Rango, E., Trillmich, F., Krüger, O.: Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction. Ecology and Evolution. 9, 5450-5456 (2019).
Kalberer, Stephanie, De Rango, Eugene, Trillmich, Fritz, and Krüger, Oliver. “Evolution of age at primiparity in pinnipeds in the absence of the quality–quantity trade‐off in reproduction”. Ecology and Evolution 9.9 (2019): 5450-5456.
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