Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China

Zhao MY, Hu Y (2019)
JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES.

Zeitschriftenaufsatz | E-Veröff. vor dem Druck | Englisch
 
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Every year, millions of young people migrate away from their home provinces for higher education and employment in China. However, less is known about the extent to which Chinese young people may benefit economically from their migration. Analyzing nationally representative data from the new China College Student Survey, this paper examines the impact of inter-province migration on the starting salaries of Chinese young people after undergraduate studies. Utilizing the method of propensity score matching, this research reveals differences in the economic returns to migration for higher education and for work, and between young people of rural and urban hukou origins. The economic premium attached to inter-province education migration is largely mediated and thus explained by socioeconomic disparities across Chinese provinces. By contrast, young people's work migration generates a positive economic premium, over and above the wage disparity between sending and host provinces. Underlining the context-dependent nature of the migration premium, the results draw attention to China's institutional features - i.e. the structural configurations of education and work migration and the hukou system - in shaping the economic returns to youth migration. Rural and urban young people's differential access to the migration premium may also exacerbate socioeconomic inequalities in post-reform China.
Stichworte
China; economic return; hukou; migration premium; starting salary; youth; migration
Erscheinungsjahr
2019
Zeitschriftentitel
JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES
ISSN
1367-6261
eISSN
1469-9680
Page URI
https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/record/2935002

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Zhao MY, Hu Y. Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES. 2019.
Zhao, M. Y., & Hu, Y. (2019). Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES. doi:10.1080/13676261.2019.1587153
Zhao, M. Y., and Hu, Y. (2019). Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES.
Zhao, M.Y., & Hu, Y., 2019. Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES.
M.Y. Zhao and Y. Hu, “Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China”, JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES, 2019.
Zhao, M.Y., Hu, Y.: Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES. (2019).
Zhao, Meng Yao, and Hu, Yang. “Migration premium? The economic returns to youth inter-province migration in post-reform China”. JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES (2019).